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We report the first identification of novel viruses, and sequence of an entire viral genome, by a single step of high-throughput parallel sequencing of small RNAs from diseased, as well as symptomless plants. Contigs were assembled from sequenced total siRNA from plants using small sequence assembly software and could positively identify RNA, ssDNA and(More)
The complete nucleotide sequence of the isolate C1 of Sweet potato feathery mottle virus (SPFMV) strain C and the 5' region of several other strains were determined and analyzed together with the sequences of isolates representing the EA, RC and O strains. This provided molecular evidence for the reclassification of SPFMV strains into two species and the(More)
Several potyviruses are found infecting sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas) in Peru, of which sweet potato feathery mottle virus (SPFMV, genus Potyvirus) is the most common. However, sequence data for these viruses are not available from Peru. In this study, the 3'-terminal approximately 1,800 nucleotide sequences of 17 potyvirus samples collected from the six(More)
Sweet potato chlorotic stunt virus (SPCSV) is probably the most important virus infecting sweetpotato worldwide, causing severe synergistic disease complexes with several co-infecting viruses. To date only one isolate (Ug), corresponding to the EA strain has been completely sequenced. It was later shown to be unusual in that, in contrast to most isolates,(More)
Sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas) is an important subsistence and famine reserve crop grown in developing countries where Sweet potato chlorotic stunt virus (SPCSV; Closteroviridae), a single-stranded RNA (ssRNA) crinivirus, synergizes unrelated viruses in co-infected sweet potato plants. The most severe disease and yield losses are caused by co-infection with(More)
The single-stranded, positive-sense RNA genome of viruses in the genus Potyvirus encodes a large polyprotein that is cleaved to yield 10 mature proteins. The first three cleavage products are P1, HCpro and P3. An additional short open reading frame (ORF), called pipo, overlaps the P3 region of the polyprotein ORF. Four related potyviruses infecting sweet(More)
A PCR assay was developed for the universal detection of ilarviruses using primers designed to the RNA-dependent RNA polymerase gene in RNA2. The assay detected 32 isolates of 15 definite and 2 tentative ilarvirus species using a one-step RT-PCR. The assay was more specific, and at least as sensitive as a commercial assay, and allowed direct sequencing of(More)
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