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PURPOSE Recent randomized trials in women with node-positive breast cancer who received systemic treatment report that locoregional radiation therapy improves survival. Previous trials failed to detect a difference in survival that results from its use. A systematic review of randomized trials that examine the effectiveness of locoregional radiation therapy(More)
Twenty-two patients with adenocarcinoma metastatic to the liver were treated with rapid fractionation whole-liver irradiation (1350-2100 rads in 300-rad fractions) with simultaneous intrahepatic 5-fluorouracil (10-15 mg/kg/day) and intrahepatic Adriamycin 2.5-10 mg/m2/day) as part of a Phase I-II study. Of the 21 patients who completed therapy, 19 had(More)
From 1985 to 1990, 62 patients have undergone pneumatic dilatation with the modified Gruntzig (Levine) dilator in the treatment of achalasia. A single dilatation with a 30-mm balloon dilator was successful in 85% of the patients. Nine patients required additional procedures. One elected for operative surgical repair, and eight patients underwent a second(More)
Pneumatic dilation of the lower esophageal sphincter was accomplished by endoscopic visualization and positioning of a modified polyurethane dilator (90 F diameter) without fluoroscopy in 17 consecutive patients with advanced symptomatic achalasia. All patients were monitored for completeness of dilation by pre- and postdilation radionuclide scintiscan.(More)