Milton J. Schlesinger

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The synthetic peptide, VGIDLGTTYSC, derived from the heat shock-induced genes human hsp70, Drosophila hsp70, S. cerevisiae YG100, and E. coli dnaK, elicited antibodies that recognized two constitutive proteins in bovine extracts. One of these proteins, 71 kd, has previously been identified as uncoating ATPase, an enzyme that releases clathrin from coated(More)
Subcellular fractionation and immunofluorescence microscopy have been used to study the intracellular distributions of the major heat shock proteins, hsp 89, hsp 70, and hsp 24, in chicken embryo fibroblasts stressed by heat shock, allowed to recover and then restressed. Hsp 89 was localized primarily to the cytoplasm except during the restress when a(More)
The ultrastructure and biochemical composition of cytoplasmic particles that form in chicken embryo fibroblasts during stress have been analyzed. We showed previously that these particles contained the small stress protein, sp 24, and antibodies specific to sp 24 were used here to identify the stress granule. In thin sections, the stress granule was a(More)
The enhanced synthesis of a few proteins immediately after subjecting cells to a stress such as heat shock was first reported for drosophila cells in 1974 (l), and the universality of the response from bacteria to human was recognized shortly thereafter (reviewed in Ref. 2). In the ensuing 16 years, a vast literature has accumulated that describes a wide(More)
Site-directed mutagenesis was used to obtain four mutants with amino acid replacements in the cytoplasmic domain of the E2 glycoprotein and three with replacements in the 6K protein of Sindbis virus. All but one of these mutants yielded progeny virus after transfection of chicken embryo fibroblasts with RNA prepared by in vitro transcription of the virus(More)
The complete amino acid sequence of the Escherichia coli alkaline phosphatase subunit [orthophosphoric-monoester phosphohydrolase (alkaline optimum), EC 3.1.3.1, isozyme 3] has been determined. The monomer contains 449 amino acid residues in a single unglycosylated polypeptide chain having a calculated Mr of 47,029. Isozyme 1 has an additional arginine(More)
Utilizing video-enhanced differential interference contrast microscopy of chicken embryo fibroblasts, we observed dramatic changes in the localization and morphology of mitochondria shortly after cells were subjected to a mild heat shock. At normal temperatures mitochondria were distributed in the cell cytoplasm as elongated, tubular, and dynamic organelles(More)
Virtually all cells, including the prokaryotic microorganisms and the highly differentiated eukaryotic cells in human tissues, contain a small set of normally silent genes that are rapidly activated by a heat shock that raises the temperature only 5 to 10% above that of the normal physiologic range for that organism. Concomitantly, many active genes are(More)