Milton C Hillman

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Aggrecan is responsible for the mechanical properties of cartilage. One of the earliest changes observed in arthritis is the depletion of cartilage aggrecan due to increased proteolytic cleavage within the interglobular domain. Two major sites of cleavage have been identified in this region at Asn(341)-Phe(342) and Glu(373)-Ala(374). While several matrix(More)
We purified, cloned, and expressed aggrecanase, a protease that is thought to be responsible for the degradation of cartilage aggrecan in arthritic diseases. Aggrecanase-1 [a disintegrin and metalloproteinase with thrombospondin motifs-4 (ADAMTS-4)] is a member of the ADAMTS protein family that cleaves aggrecan at the glutamic acid-373-alanine-374 bond. The(More)
Overexpression and activating mutations of ErbB family members have been implicated in the development and progression of a variety of tumor types. Cleavage of the HER2 receptor by an as yet unidentified ectodomain sheddase has been shown to liberate the HER2 extracellular domain (ECD) leaving a fragment with constitutive kinase activity that can provide(More)
The cDNA that encodes the proenzyme form of human fibroblast collagenase (proMMP-1) was expressed in the methylotrophic yeast Pichia pastoris. The proMMP-1 encoding DNA was fused to the Saccharomyces cerevisiae pre-pro alpha-mating factor secretion signal in the P. pastoris pPIC9 expression plasmid, transformed into strain GS115 (His-), and His+ Muts (slow(More)
Rat blood plasma contains three high molecular weight thiol ester-containing proteinase inhibitors, alpha 1-macroglobulin (alpha 1M), alpha 1-inhibitor III (alpha 1I3), and alpha 2-macroglobulin (alpha 2M). Rat serums have been analyzed using a two-dimensional gel electrophoretic technique which optimizes recovery of high molecular weight proteins. alpha(More)
Crystal structures of protein-tyrosine phosphatase 1B in complex with compounds bearing a novel isothiazolidinone (IZD) heterocyclic phosphonate mimetic reveal that the heterocycle is highly complementary to the catalytic pocket of the protein. The heterocycle participates in an extensive network of hydrogen bonds with the backbone of the phosphate-binding(More)
Structure-based design led to the discovery of novel (S)-isothiazolidinone ((S)-IZD) heterocyclic phosphotyrosine (pTyr) mimetics that when incorporated into dipeptides are exceptionally potent, competitive, and reversible inhibitors of protein tyrosine phosphatase 1B (PTP1B). The crystal structure of PTP1B in complex with our most potent inhibitor 12(More)
Structural analyses of the protein-tyrosine phosphatase 1B (PTP1B) active site and inhibitor complexes have aided in optimization of a peptide inhibitor containing the novel (S)-isothiazolidinone (IZD) phosphonate mimetic. Potency and permeability were simultaneously improved by replacing the polar peptidic backbone of the inhibitor with nonpeptidic(More)
The genomics revolution has created a need for increased speed and generality for recombinant protein production systems as well as general methods for conducting biochemical assays with the purified protein products. 9E10 is a well-known high-affinity antibody that has found use in a wide variety of biochemical assays. Here we present a standardized system(More)
An interferon-induced 15-kDa protein is synthesized from a precursor of higher molecular weight; the precursor contains 165 amino acids (17 kDa), whereas the stable product (15 kDa) contains 156 amino acids. The stable 15-kDa form is derived from the precursor 17-kDa form by the removal of eight amino acids from the COOH terminus and the methionine from the(More)