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Corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) injected into the brains of rats produces hyperglycemia and an increase in plasma concentrations of glucagon, epinephrine, and norepinephrine. Neither hypophysectomy nor adrenalectomy prevents CRF-induced hyperglycemia. However, a role of adrenal epinephrine release in mediating CRF-induced hyperglycemia is supported by(More)
Combined pituitary hormone deficiency (CPHD) in man denotes impaired production of growth hormone (GH) and one or more of the other five anterior pituitary hormones. Mutations of the pituitary transcription factor gene POU1F1 (the human homologue of mouse Pit1) are responsible for deficiencies of GH, prolactin and thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) in Snell(More)
We used the Immunochip array to analyze 2,816 individuals with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA), comprising the most common subtypes (oligoarticular and rheumatoid factor-negative polyarticular JIA), and 13,056 controls. We confirmed association of 3 known JIA risk loci (the human leukocyte antigen (HLA) region, PTPN22 and PTPN2) and identified 14 loci(More)
Somatostatin-28 (SS-28) and desAA1,2,4,5,12,13[D-Trp8]somatostatin (ODT8-SS), but not somatostatin-14, given intracerebroventricularly, but not when given iv, inhibit stress-induced pituitary ACTH and adrenomedullary epinephrine secretion in rats. The elevation of ACTH after tail-suspension stress is totally prevented by iv administration of antisera raised(More)
Recombinant interleukin-1 alpha and -beta (Il-1 alpha and -beta) have been evaluated for their abilities to stimulate ACTH and catecholamine secretion in the intact adult male rat. Additionally, the role of adrenergic-dependent pathways in mediating Il-1-induced ACTH release has been assessed. The iv or intracerebroventricular injection of either Il-1 alpha(More)
In the natural, industrial, hospital and domestic environments, there are numerous phenotypes of pathogenic microorganisms, which vary considerably in chemical, physical and biological properties. A link exists between survival, resistance and virulence. In particular, surface-adherent biofilms and bacteria living within protozoa pose potential health(More)
An agar medium containing 10% defatted milk has been tested as a diagnostic medium for Pseudomonas aeruginosa and, in particular, for differentiating between P. aeruginosa and P. fluorescens. Only P. aeruginosa colonies gave clear zones due to hydrolysis of casein together with diffused green pigment. Results on milk agar correlated well with the pattern of(More)
Alternative splicing of RNA transcripts from the calcitonin gene produces mRNAs that encode different polypeptides. While the mRNA encoding calcitonin predominates in thyroidal 'C' cells, calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) mRNA appears to be the major mRNA component in non-thyroid tissue, including brain. The predicted peptide arising from translation(More)
Successful treatment of an infant with chylous ascites secondary to "congenital leaky lymphatics" is described, followed by a literature review of cases of pediatric chylous ascites. The infant was placed on home total parenteral nutrition for 10 weeks, during which time the chylous ascites resolved and did not recur with the introduction of a normal diet.(More)