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Corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) injected into the brains of rats produces hyperglycemia and an increase in plasma concentrations of glucagon, epinephrine, and norepinephrine. Neither hypophysectomy nor adrenalectomy prevents CRF-induced hyperglycemia. However, a role of adrenal epinephrine release in mediating CRF-induced hyperglycemia is supported by(More)
OBJECTIVE Reactive oxygen species (ROS) contribute to oxidative lung injury. The glutathione-S-transferases (GST) family and microsomal epoxide hydrolase (mEPHx) enzymes detoxify ROS, and genetic polymorphisms alter this detoxification. We hypothesized that polymorphisms encoding for less efficient enzymes were associated with bronchopulmonary dysphasia(More)
Somatostatin-28 (SS-28) and desAA1,2,4,5,12,13[D-Trp8]somatostatin (ODT8-SS), but not somatostatin-14, given intracerebroventricularly, but not when given iv, inhibit stress-induced pituitary ACTH and adrenomedullary epinephrine secretion in rats. The elevation of ACTH after tail-suspension stress is totally prevented by iv administration of antisera raised(More)
Corticotropin-releasing factor administered intracerebroventricularly produces prolonged elevation of plasma concentration of epinephrine, norepinephrine and glucose. These hormonal changes are associated with an increase in motor activity and oxygen consumption. No change in body temperature is observed. CRF produces changes in animal physiology that are(More)
OBJECTIVE In an effort to improve compliance with insulin therapy and to accelerate insulin pharmacokinetics, we tested the hypothesis that intradermal insulin delivery using a hollow microneedle causes less pain and leads to faster onset and offset of insulin pharmacokinetics in children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes (T1DM) compared with a(More)
Glycine (G) infusion causes renal vasodilation mediated by nitric oxide (NO). Cyclosporine A (CsA) nephrotoxicity is characterized by preglomerular vasoconstriction and decreased efferent arteriolar tone probably related to reduced NO and angiotensin II, respectively. L-Arginine (ARG) is a precursor to NO. To test the hypothesis that chronic CsA decreases(More)
The fluorescent intracellular Ca2+ indicator, fura2/AM, was used to determine the effects of carbachol, cholecystokinin octapeptide (CCK-8), gastrin and histamine on intracellular Ca2+ ([Ca2+]i) in parietal cells from rabbit gastric mucosa enriched to more than 95% purity by a new Nycodenz gradient/centrifugal elutriation technique. Changes in [Ca2+]i in(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVE To obtain anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) levels in female childhood cancer survivors and determine the association of therapeutic exposures with diminished ovarian reserve (DOR). DESIGN Cross-sectional study. SETTING Academic medical center. PARTICIPANTS Forty-nine survivors (mean age = 14.9 years, SD = 3.3 years; mean time without(More)
Studies were performed to evaluate the effects of glucocorticoids on the activity of the sympathetic nervous system and adrenal medulla. Plasma concentrations of norepinephrine and epinephrine were measured in rats in which endogenous glucocorticoids were removed by bilateral adrenalectomy and in rats to which exogenous glucocorticoids were administered. In(More)
The binding of a radiolabeled bomebesin analogue to rat brain membranes was studied. [125I-Tyr4]Bombesin bound with high affinity (KD = 3 nM) to a single class of non-interacting sites. Binding was specific, saturable (3.8 pmol of sites/g of wet tissue), and reversible. Regional and subcellular distribution studies showed that the density of sites was(More)