Milosz Gruca

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Staphostatins are the endogenous inhibitors of the major secreted cysteine proteases of Staphylococcus aureus, the staphopains. Our recent crystal structure of staphostatin B has shown that this inhibitor forms a mixed, eight-stranded beta-barrel with statistically significant similarity to lipocalins, but not to cystatins. We now present the 1.8-A crystal(More)
Circulating neutrophils and monocytes form the first line of cellular defense against invading bacteria. Here, we describe a novel and specific mechanism of disabling and eliminating phagocytes by Staphylococcus aureus. Staphopain B (SspB) selectively cleaved CD11b on phagocytes, which rapidly acquired features of cell death. SspB-treated phagocytes(More)
Of seven human cystatins investigated, none inhibited the cysteine proteases staphopain A and B secreted by the human pathogen Staphylococcus aureus. Rather, the extracellular cystatins C, D and E/M were hydrolyzed by both staphopains. Based on MALDI-TOF time-course experiments, staphopain A cleavage of cystatin C and D should be physiologically relevant(More)
The pulmonary surfactant is a complex mixture of lipids and proteins that is important for respiratory lung functions, which also provides the first line of innate immune defense. Pulmonary surfactant protein-A (SP-A) is a major surfactant component with immune functions with importance during Staphylococcus aureus infections that has been demonstrated in(More)
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