Miloslav Polášek

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BACKGROUND & AIMS The gold standard in assessing liver fibrosis is biopsy despite limitations like invasiveness and sampling error and complications including morbidity and mortality. Therefore, there is a major unmet medical need to quantify fibrosis non-invasively to facilitate early diagnosis of chronic liver disease and provide a means to monitor(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Liver biopsy, the current clinical gold standard for fibrosis assessment, is invasive and has sampling errors, and is not optimal for screening, monitoring, or clinical decision-making. Fibrosis is characterized by excessive accumulation of extracellular matrix proteins including type I collagen. We hypothesize that molecular magnetic(More)
Electrical stimulation is currently used to treat a wide range of cardiovascular, sensory and neurological diseases. Despite its success, there are significant limitations to its application, including incompatibility with magnetic resonance imaging, limited control of electric fields and decreased performance associated with tissue inflammation. Magnetic(More)
MR imaging at high magnetic fields benefits from an increased signal-to-noise ratio; however T(1)-based MR contrast agents show decreasing relaxivity (r(1)) at higher fields. High field, high relaxivity contrast agents can be designed by carefully controlling the rotational dynamics of the molecule. To this end, we investigated applications of the alanine(More)
Gadolinium chelates with octadentate ligands are widely used as contrast agents for magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), with macrocyclic ligands based on DO3A being preferred for the high kinetic inertness of their Gd chelates. A major challenge in the design of new bifunctional MRI probes is the need to control the rotational motion of the chelate, which(More)
Two macrocyclic ligands derived from H4dota containing three acetate pendant arms and one 2-methylpyridine-N-oxide coordinating unit were synthesized. The ligand H3do3apy(NO) (H3L1, 10-[(1-oxidopyridin-2-yl)methyl]-1,4,7,10-tetraazacyclododecane-1,4,7-triacetic acid) contains an unsubstituted pyridine-N-oxide ring; the ligand H4do3apy(NO-C) (H4L2,(More)
Polyamidoamine dendrimers (PAMAMs) of generations 1 (G1) and 4 (G4) were conjugated with a bifunctional pyridine-N-oxide DOTA analog, 10-[(4-carboxy-1-oxidopyridin-2-yl)methyl]-1,4,7,10-tetraazacyclododecane-1,4,7-triacetic acid (H(4)do3a-py(NO-C)), through the pyridine-4-carboxylic acid group, and the conjugates were radiolabeled with indium-111. Reaction(More)
A pyridine-N-oxide functionalized DOTA analogue has been conjugated to a calix[4]arene and the corresponding Gd-complex was characterized with respect to its suitability as MRI contrast agent. The compound forms spherical micelles in water with a cmc of 35 microM and a radius of 8.2 nm. The relaxivity of these aggregates is 31.2 s(-1) mM(-1) at 25 degrees C(More)
A bifunctional ligand, DO3A-py(NO-C) (DO3A-py(NO-C) = 10-[(4-carboxy-1-oxidopyridin-2-yl)methyl]-1,4,7,10-tetraazacyclododecane-1,4,7-triacetic acid), was attached to different generations (G0, G1, G2, and G4) of ethylenediamine-cored PAMAM dendrimers (PAMAM = polyamidoamine). The gadolinium(III) complex of this ligand possesses one molecule of water in its(More)