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It has been shown that the primary and secondary somatosensory cortex, as well as the supplementary motor area (SMA), are involved in central processing of proprioceptive signals during passive and active arm movements. However, it is not clear whether different cortical areas are involved in processing of different proprioceptive inputs (skin, joint,(More)
Previous reports showed that sympathetic stimulation affects the activity of muscle spindle afferents (MSAs). The aim of the present work is to study the characteristics of sympathetic modulation of MSA response to stretch: (i) on the dynamic and static components of the stretch response, and (ii) on group Ia and II MSAs to evaluate potentially different(More)
Changes in silent period (SP) duration following transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) set at 20% above the motor threshold were studied in six subjects suffering from writer's cramp, while performing dystonic movement and during voluntary isometric contraction of the muscles mostly involved in the dystonic movement. Dependency of SP duration on the(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of agonist and antagonist muscle fatigue on the performance of rapid, self-terminating movements. Six subjects performed rapid, consecutive elbow flexion and extension movements between two targets prior to and after fatiguing either the elbow flexor or elbow extensor muscles. The experiments demonstrated(More)
Intramuscular injection of hypertonic saline (HS) is a procedure widely adopted to experimentally induce deep muscle pain in humans. This study was undertaken to test whether intramuscular injections of HS (5%) influence the activity of primary and secondary muscle spindle afferents (MSAs) from homonymous as well as heteronymous muscles. The experiments(More)
1. Changes in discharge rate of thirty-one fusimotor neurones to triceps surae muscles during long-lasting, fatiguing contractions of these muscles were studied in decerebrate cats. Discharges of fusimotor neurones were recorded from the nerve filaments. Muscle contractions were elicited by electrical stimulation of either the muscle nerves (twenty-one(More)
Previously we showed that neuropeptide Y (NPY), a sympathetic vasoconstrictor neurotransmitter, stimulates endothelial cell migration, proliferation, and differentiation in vitro. Here, we report on NPY's actions, receptors, and mediators in ischemic angiogenesis. In rats, hindlimb ischemia stimulates sympathetic NPY release (attenuated by lumbar(More)
The concept of fatigue refers to a class of acute effects that can impair motor performance, and not to a single mechanism. A great deal is known about the peripheral mechanisms underlying the process of fatigue, but our knowledge of the roles of the central structures in that process is still very limited. During fatigue, it has been shown that peripheral(More)
Primary writing tremor (PWT) is a rare disease of unknown pathophysiology. We studied changes in silent period (SP) duration, after transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS), set at 20% above the motor threshold in 6 PWT patients and 7 healthy control subjects. SP duration was tested during a task-specific act, i.e., writing that induced tremor in all(More)
We have tested the hypothesis that agonist and antagonist muscle fatigue could affect the final position of rapid, discrete movements. Six subjects performed consecutive elbow flexion and extension movements between two targets, with their eyes closed prior to, and after fatiguing the elbow extensor muscles. The results demonstrate that elbow extension(More)