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or all of this work for personal or classroom use is granted without fee provided that copies are not made or distributed for profit or commercial advantage and that copies bear the full citation on the first page. Copyrights for components of this work owned by others than IFETS must be honoured. Abstracting with credit is permitted. To copy otherwise, to(More)
Permission to make digital or hard copies of part or all of this work for personal or classroom use is granted without fee provided that copies are not made or distributed for profit or commercial advantage and that copies bear the full citation on the first page. Copyrights for components of this work owned by others than IFETS must be honoured.(More)
Studies have shown that the application of Self-Regulated Learning (SRL) increases the effectiveness of education. However, this is quite challenging to be facilitated with learning technologies like Learning Management Systems (LMS) that lack an individualised approach as well as a right balance between the learner's freedom and guidance. Personalisation(More)
Web-based Intelligent Design and Tutoring System (WINDS) is a European project 1 with the objective to implement a learning environment integrating an intelligent tutoring system, a computer instruction management system and a set of cooperative tools. This environment will be used to build a large knowledge base supporting Architecture and Civil(More)
Current e-Learning is based on learning management systems that provide certain standard services-course authoring and delivery, tutoring, administration and collaboration facilities. Rapid development of mobile technologies opens a new area of m-Learning to enhance the current educational opportunities. Field trips are a relevant part of the curriculum,(More)
Personalization of learning has become a prominent issue in the educational field, at various levels. This article elaborates a different view on personalisation than what usually occurs in this area. Its baseline is that personalisation occurs when learning turns out to become personal in the learner's mind. Through a literature survey, we analyze(More)
When developing an Adaptive Learning System (ALS), users are generally consulted (if at all) towards the end of the development cycle. This can limit users' feedback to the characteristics and idiosyncrasies of the system at hand. It can be difficult to extrapolate principles and requirements, common to all ALSs, that are rated highly by users. To address(More)