Miles Johnson

Learn More
To cite this Article Omar, Cyrus , Akce, Abdullah , Johnson, Miles , Bretl, Timothy , Ma, Rui , Maclin, Edward , McCormick, Martin and Coleman, Todd P.(2011) 'A Feedback Information-Theoretic Approach to the Design of BrainComputer Interfaces', International Journal of Human-Computer Interaction, 27: 1, 5 — 23 To link to this Article: DOI:(More)
This paper presents an interface for navigating a mobile robot that moves at a fixed speed in a planar workspace, with noisy binary inputs that are obtained asynchronously at low bit-rates from a human user through an electroencephalograph (EEG). The approach is to construct an ordered symbolic language for smooth planar curves and to use these curves as(More)
Inverse optimal control is the problem of computing a cost function that would have resulted in an observed sequence of decisions. The standard formulation of this problem assumes that decisions are optimal and tries to minimize the difference between what was observed and what would have been observed given a candidate cost function. We assume instead that(More)
This paper presents an interface that allows a human pilot to remotely teleoperate an unmanned aircraft flying at a fixed altitude with input only from an electroen-cephalograph (EEG), which is used in this case to distinguish between left- and right-hand motor imagery in the brain. The approach is to construct an ordered symbolic language for smooth planar(More)
Our previously reported investigations showed that cataracts could be induced in fetal lenses through the maternal feeding of galactose during pregnancy. We also reported that the lens opacity present at birth reverses completely by 30 days of age if there is no further post-natal exposure to galactose. This investigation was designed to investigate if an(More)
We propose a complementary approach to the design of neural prosthetic interfaces that goes beyond the standard approach of estimating desired control signals from neural activity. We exploit the fact that the for a user's intended application, the dynamics of the prosthetic in fact impact subsequent desired control inputs. We illustrate that changing the(More)
Inverse optimal control is the problem of computing a cost function with respect to which observed state input trajectories are optimal. We present a new method of inverse optimal control based on minimizing the extent to which observed trajectories violate first-order necessary conditions for optimality. We consider continuous-time deterministic optimal(More)
Our previous studies have shown that the aldose reductase inhibitor (ARI), sorbinil, prevents galactose-induced alterations and cataracts in rat lenses. We have now used sorbinil as well as another ARI, Eisai compound E-0722, to determine their potency in inhibiting aldose reductase- and galactose-induced alterations in lens morphology and Na+-K+-ATPase(More)
Neural interfaces use estimates of brain or muscle activity to generate control inputs for a prosthetic device. Most previous work focuses on estimating neural activity more accurately. This paper focuses on generating better control inputs. It shows that changing the dynamic response of a prosthetic device can make specific tasks easier to accomplish. It(More)
Germanium compounds have been shown to be effective in preventing the formation of advanced glycation end-products and for reversible solubilization of glycated proteins. As protein glycation has been proposed to play a role in lens opacification, we initiated studies to evaluate the effects of 2-carboxyethyl germanium sesquioxide (germanium compound 132 or(More)