Miles J. Novy

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CONTEXT Intra-amniotic infection (IAI) is commonly associated with preterm birth and adverse neonatal sequelae. Early diagnosis of IAI, however, has been hindered by insensitive or nonspecific tests. OBJECTIVE To identify unique protein signatures in rhesus monkeys with experimental IAI, a proteomics-based analysis of amniotic fluid was used to develop(More)
OBJECTIVE Our purpose was to describe the temporal and quantitative relationship between intraamniotic infection and preterm labor in a nonhuman primate model. STUDY DESIGN On day 130 of gestation (term 167 days) four chronically instrumented rhesus monkeys (Macaca mulatta) were infected with an intraamniotic inoculation of 10(6) colony-forming units of(More)
Our hypothesis was that estrogen and progesterone modulate coronary artery reactivity in rhesus monkeys. Adult ovariectomized (ovx) monkeys were treated for 1, 2, or 4 wk with physiological concentrations of 17 beta-estradiol (E2), natural progesterone (P), and/or therapeutic levels of medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA). Steroid concentrations in venous(More)
The authors assess causal, cellular and inflammatory links between intraamniotic infection with Ureaplasma parvum or Mycoplasma hominis and preterm labor in a nonhuman primate model. Long-term catheterized rhesus monkeys received intraamniotic inoculations of clinical isolates of Ureaplasma parvum serovar 1, M hominis, media control or physiological saline.(More)
OBJECTIVE It is not known whether withdrawal of progesterone (P) action is a prerequisite for parturition in women or in nonhuman primates because concentrations of circulating progesterone or progesterone receptors (PR) in myometrium and decidua do not decrease before delivery. To examine this potentially important regulatory mechanism, we determined PR(More)
Sex steroid hormone receptors have been identified in the adrenal glands of rodents and may have a role in adrenal function. The highly estrogenic environment during pregnancy has been proposed to influence steroidogenesis by the fetal zone of the primate fetal adrenal gland. In order to determine whether these effects involve receptor-mediated mechanisms,(More)
Oestrogen and progesterone are promoters of uterine leiomyoma growth: oestrogen receptors (ER) and progesterone receptors (PR) are over-expressed in these tumours. Paradoxically, there is a heterogeneity in responsiveness of leiomyoma growth to oestrogen and progesterone in culture. In this study, leiomyoma and adjacent myometrium were obtained at(More)
Intra-amniotic infection (IAI) is associated with preterm birth and perinatal mortality. To identify potential biomarkers, we performed a comprehensive survey of the cervical-vaginal fluid (CVF) proteome from a primate IAI model utilizing multidimensional protein identification technology (LC/LC-MS/MS) and MALDI-TOF-MS analyses. Analyses of CVF proteome(More)
OBJECTIVES The purpose of this study was to determine the relative contributions of individual proinflammatory cytokines and chemokines to the triggering of preterm labor. STUDY DESIGN Eighteen chronically instrumented pregnant rhesus monkeys at 135 +/- 3 days gestation (term = 167 days) received 1 of 5 intraamniotic infusions: (1) interleukin-1beta(More)
Interstitial fallopian tube obstruction (IFTO) occurs in 15% of hysterosalpingograms (HSG) performed for infertility. Conventional HSG or laparoscopy may not differentiate cornual spasm or other temporary cause from true obstruction. We used transcervical cannulation of the proximal oviduct with a 3-F Teflon catheter and flexible guidewire 0.018 inch (0.043(More)