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Changes in intermediate filament gene expression occur at key steps in the differentiation of cell types in the mammalian CNS. Neuroepithelial stem cells express the intermediate filament protein nestin and down-regulate it sharply at the transition from proliferating stem cell to postmitotic neuron. Nestin is also expressed in muscle precursors but not in(More)
A microtransplantation approach has been used in order to achieve more complete reinnervation of the dopamine denervated rat striatum by fetal nigral cell suspensions injected into multiple striatal sites. A total of 450,000 cells, obtained from the ventral mesencephalon of embryonic day 14 rat fetuses, were implanted either in the conventional way as two(More)
Proliferating precursors to the distinct cell types constituting the mammalian brain can be identified by the presence of the nestin intermediate filament. We report the establishment of a nestin-positive cell line, HiB5, from embryonic precursor cells to the rat hippocampus. Since it was immortalized using the temperature-sensitive allele tsA58 of SV40(More)
Shortcomings of current techniques used for the intracerebral transplantation of ventral mesencephalic dopamine neurons include low graft survival, high variability, considerable implantation trauma and suboptimal graft integration. In order to overcome these limitations, we have adopted a microtransplantation approach which allows precise and reproducible(More)
Neural transplantation in experimental Parkinsonism has so far focused on the ectopic placement of fetal ventral mesencephalic (VM) neurons into the dopamine-denervated caudate-putamen. VM grafts are effective in restoring dopamine neurotransmission in the grafted caudate-putamen and in partial amelioration of behavioral deficits. Recent pharmacological and(More)
BACKGROUND Schizophrenia (SZ) involves dysfunction of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA)ergic transmission in the hippocampus (HIPP), particularly in sector CA2/3. Previous work using a rodent model of postmortem abnormalities in SZ demonstrated that activation of the basolateral amygdala (BLA) results in decreases of GABA currents in pyramidal neurons of CA2/3(More)
Central cholinergic structures within the CD-1 mouse were evaluated by immunohistochemical visualization of choline acetyltransferase (ChAT) using the monoclonal antibody AB8. Rostrally, cholinergic neurons were seen within the neostriatum, medial septal nucleus (Ch1), ventral (Ch2) and horizontal (Ch3) limb nuclei and nucleus basalis-substantia innominata(More)
Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is an exceptionally effective treatment for a number of psychiatric conditions; however, a common adverse effect is temporary cognitive impairment, especially memory loss. The dissociative disorders also involve disturbances of memory, as well as consciousness and personal identity, but are rarely iatrogenic. We report a case(More)
Adolescence is a critical stage for the development of emotional maturity and diverse forms of psychopathology. The posterior basolateral nucleus of the amygdala is known to mediate fear and anxiety and is important in assigning emotional valence to cognitive processes. The medial prefrontal cortex, a homologue of the human anterior cingulate cortex,(More)