Miles F. Wilkinson

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Nonsense-mediated mRNA decay (NMD) is a quality-control mechanism that selectively degrades mRNAs harboring premature termination (nonsense) codons. If translated, these mRNAs can produce truncated proteins with dominant-negative or deleterious gain-of-function activities. In this review, we describe the molecular mechanism of NMD. We first cover conserved(More)
Messenger RNAs containing premature termination codons (PTCs) are selectively eliminated by nonsense-mediated mRNA decay (NMD). Paradoxically, although cytoplasmic ribosomes are the only known species capable of PTC recognition, in mammals many PTC-containing mRNAs are apparently eliminated prior to release from the nucleus. To determine whether PTCs can(More)
The molecular mechanisms by which different mutations in the same gene can result in distinct disease phenotypes remain largely unknown. Truncating mutations of SOX10 cause either a complex neurocristopathy designated PCWH or a more restricted phenotype known as Waardenburg-Shah syndrome (WS4; OMIM 277580). Here we report that although all nonsense and(More)
Gene rearrangement during the ontogeny of T- and B-cells generates an enormous repertoire of T-cell receptor (TCR) and immunoglobulin (Ig) genes. Because of the error-prone nature of this rearrangement process, two-thirds of rearranged TCR and Ig genes are expected to be out-of-frame and thus contain premature terminations codons (ptcs). We performed(More)
Expression of most RNA polymerase II transcripts requires the coordinated execution of transcription, splicing, and 3' processing. We have previously shown that upon transcriptional activation of a gene in vivo, pre-mRNA splicing factors are recruited from nuclear speckles, in which they are concentrated, to sites of transcription (Misteli, T., J.F.(More)
Genome-wide studies have defined cell type–specific patterns of DNA methylation that are important for regulating gene expression in both normal development and disease. However, determining the functional significance of specific methylation events remains challenging, owing to the lack of methods for removing such modifications in a targeted manner. Here(More)
Nonsense-mediated decay (NMD) degrades both normal and aberrant transcripts harboring stop codons in particular contexts. Mutations that perturb NMD cause neurological disorders in humans, suggesting that NMD has roles in the brain. Here, we identify a brain-specific microRNA-miR-128-that represses NMD and thereby controls batteries of transcripts in neural(More)
Premature termination codons (PTCs) can cause the decay of mRNAs in the nuclear fraction of mammalian cells. This enigmatic nuclear response is of interest because it suggests that translation signals do not restrict their effect to the cytoplasm, where fully assembled ribosomes reside. Here we examined the molecular mechanism for this putative nuclear(More)
Quality control of gene expression operates post-transcriptionally at various levels in eukaryotes. Once transcribed, mRNAs associate with a host of proteins throughout their lifetime. These mRNA-protein complexes (mRNPs) undergo a series of remodeling events that are influenced by and/or influence the translation and mRNA decay machinery. In this review we(More)