Milene T. Saavedra

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Cystic fibrosis (CF) lung disease features persistent neutrophil accumulation to the airways from the time of infancy. CF children are frequently exposed to Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and by adulthood, 80% of CF patients are chronically infected. The formation of biofilms is a particularly important phenotypic characteristic of P. aeruginosa that allows for(More)
The inability of neutrophils to eradicate Pseudomonas aeruginosa within the cystic fibrosis (CF) airway eventually results in chronic infection by the bacteria in nearly 80 percent of patients. Phagocytic killing of P. aeruginosa by CF neutrophils is impaired due to decreased cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) function and virulence(More)
IL-32, a proinflammatory cytokine that activates the p38MAPK and NF-kappaB pathways, induces other cytokines, for example, IL-1beta, IL-6, and TNF-alpha. This study investigated the role of endogenous IL-32 in HIV-1 infection by reducing IL-32 with small interfering (si)RNA in freshly infected PBMC and in the latently infected U1 macrophage cell line. When(More)
Immortalization of human bronchial epithelial (hBE) cells often entails loss of differentiation. Bmi-1 is a protooncogene that maintains stem cells, and its expression creates cell lines that recapitulate normal cell structure and function. We introduced Bmi-1 and the catalytic subunit of telomerase (hTERT) into three non-cystic fibrosis (CF) and three(More)
Recombinant adeno-associated virus type 5 (rAAV-5) is known to efficiently transduce airway epithelia via apical infection. In contrast, rAAV-2 has been shown to be inherently ineffective at transducing airway epithelia from the apical surface. However, tripeptide proteasome inhibitors (such as LLnL) can dramatically enhance rAAV-2 transduction from the(More)
Although the median survival for patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) is 32.9 years, a small group of patients live much longer. We analyzed the genotype and phenotype of CF patients 40 years and older seen between 1992 and 2004 at the National Jewish Medical and Research Center (n = 55). These patients were divided into two groups according to age at(More)
Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a major pathogen in cystic fibrosis (CF) lung disease. Children with CF are routinely exposed to P. aeruginosa from the natural environment, and by adulthood, 80% of patients are chronically infected. P. aeruginosa in the CF airway exhibits a unique biofilm-like structure, where it grows in small clusters or aggregates of bacteria(More)
Increased expression of cPLA2 (cytosolic phospholipase A2) has been shown to be the cause of tumorigenesis of NSCLC (non-small-cell lung cancer). Our laboratory has previously demonstrated that oncogenic forms of Ras increase transcription of cPLA2 in normal lung epithelial cells and NSCLC lines through activation of the ERK (extracellular-signal-regulated(More)
RATIONALE Circulating leukocyte RNA transcripts are systemic markers of inflammation, which have not been studied in cystic fibrosis (CF) lung disease. Although the standard assessment of pulmonary treatment response is FEV(1), a measure of airflow limitation, the lack of systemic markers to reflect changes in lung inflammation critically limits the testing(More)