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PURPOSE To develop an evidence-based guideline for the empiric management of pediatric fever and neutropenia (FN). METHODS The International Pediatric Fever and Neutropenia Guideline Panel is a multidisciplinary and multinational group composed of experts in pediatric oncology and infectious disease as well as a patient advocate. The Panel was convened(More)
PURPOSE To compare outcome and cost of ambulatory versus hospitalized management among febrile neutropenic children at low risk for invasive bacterial infection (IBI). PATIENTS AND METHODS Children presenting with febrile neutropenia at six hospitals in Santiago, Chile, were categorized as high or low risk for IBI. Low-risk children were randomly assigned(More)
BACKGROUND The objective of this study was to prospectively evaluate dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI) as an early imaging indicator of tumor histologic response to preoperative chemotherapy and as a possible prognostic factor for event-free survival (EFS) and overall survival in pediatric patients with newly diagnosed,(More)
A risk prediction model for invasive bacterial infection (IBI) was prospectively evaluated among children presenting with cancer, fever, and neutropenia. The model incorporated assessment of 5 previously identified risk factors: serum level of C-reactive protein (CRP) >/=90 mg/L, hypotension, identification of relapse of leukemia as the cancer type,(More)
PURPOSE Patients with Ewing sarcoma (ES) with metastases and those who relapse fare poorly and receive therapies that carry significant toxicity. This phase 1/2 study was conducted to evaluate the efficacy of figitumumab in advanced ES. PATIENTS AND METHODS Patients with sarcoma 10 to 18 years old were enrolled in two dose escalation cohorts (20 and 30(More)
PURPOSE To identify clinical and laboratory parameters present at the time of a first evaluation that could help predict which children with cancer, fever, and neutropenia were at high risk or low risk for an invasive bacterial infection. PATIENTS AND METHODS Over a 17-month period, all children with cancer, fever, and neutropenia admitted to five(More)
BACKGROUND Pediatric patients in treatment for cancer can have fatal bacterial infections. Thus, in the presence of fever or other signs infection, antimicrobials have to be prescribed empirically. AIM To know the causative agents of bacteremia in children with cancer, their changes with time and between different hospitals and their patterns of(More)
BACKGROUND The role of respiratory viral infections (RVIs) as a cause of overall fever and neutropenia (FN) episodes in children with cancer has been less characterized than bacterial infections. We conducted a study aimed to determine the frequency of RVI in children with low compared with high risk for invasive bacterial infection (IBI) FN episodes and(More)
BACKGROUND Severe sepsis is not clinically apparent during the first 24 hours of hospitalization in most children with cancer and febrile neutropenia (FN), delaying targeted interventions that could impact mortality. The aim of this study was to prospectively evaluate biomarkers obtained within 24 hours of hospitalization as predictors of severe sepsis(More)
10036 Background: Standard treatment of osteosarcoma includes cisplatin and high-dose methotrexate (HD-MTX), but both agents are associated with significant toxicity and MTX administration requires complex pharmacokinetic monitoring. In our previous OS91 trial, the combination of carboplatin and ifosfamide with doxorubicin and HD-MTX yielded outcomes(More)