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BACKGROUND Anal sphincter complex muscles, the internal anal sphincter, external anal sphincter, and puborectalis muscles, play an important role in the anal continence mechanism. Patients with symptoms of fecal incontinence have weak anal sphincter complex muscles; however, their length-tension properties and relationship to anatomical disruption have(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Three-dimensional ultrasound (3D-US) imaging is a powerful tool to visualize various components of the anal sphincter complex, that is, the internal anal sphincter (IAS), the external anal sphincter (EAS), and the puborectalis muscle (PRM). Our goal was to determine the reliability of the 3D-US imaging technique in detecting morphologic(More)
OBJECTIVES Minimally invasive apical sacropexies (MI-APSC) can be performed using robotics or laparoscopy. We hypothesized that operative characteristics of MI-APSC, laparoscopic (LSC) and robotic (RSC), were similar. The objective of our study was to compare operative characteristics, objective prolapse outcomes, and robotic learning curve. METHODS(More)
OBJECTIVE Our aims were to: (1) recognize the anatomic landmarks for measurement of puborectalis muscle on 3-dimensional ultrasound images, (2) assess intra- and interobserver reliability of puborectalis muscle measurements, (3) determine whether there is measurable puborectalis muscle shortening with pelvic floor squeeze, and (4) assess pelvic hiatus(More)
Mothers with known or occult rheumatic disorders may be delivered of infants with congenital complete heart block. The more frequent use of ultrasonography during pregnancy now allows early detection of heart block in utero. The transplacental passage of SSA or SSB antibodies, of the IgG class, may mediate or be associated with immune damage to the fetal(More)
OBJECTIVE Using three-dimensional transperineal ultrasonography, we compared the prevalence of levator ani muscle injury after forceps with vacuum-assisted vaginal delivery. METHODS This was a retrospective cohort study. Women who experienced at least one forceps delivery (across all deliveries) were compared with women who had at least one vacuum birth.(More)
BACKGROUND The indications for operation in patients with obstructed defecation syndrome (ODS) with rectocele are not well defined. METHODS A total of 90 female patients with ODS and rectocele were prospectively evaluated and treated with fiber supplements and biofeedback training. Univariate and multivariate regression was used to determine factors(More)
To evaluate the effects of maternal magnesium sulfate treatment on neonatal magnesium and calcium homeostasis, the authors studied 23 term neonates whose mothers had received intravenous magnesium sulfate for pre-eclampsia and compared them with 14 control neonates. Total and ionized calcium, magnesium, phosphorus, and albumin were measured in maternal and(More)
Pelvic floor ultrasound is a valuable adjunct in elucidation of cause, diagnosis, and treatment of pelvic floor disorders. Three-dimensional ultrasound specifically has been shown to have many advantages over conventional imaging modalities. Proper evaluation of pelvic floor muscle function, strength, and integrity is an important component of diagnosis and(More)
This study is an economic comparison of various methods of breast reconstruction after mastectomy. The hospital bills of 287 patients undergoing breast reconstruction at three institutions from June of 1988 to March of 1991 were analyzed. The procedures examined included mastectomy, implant and tissue-expander reconstruction, and TRAM and latissimus pedicle(More)