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Neurons extracted from specific areas of the Central Nervous System (CNS), such as the hippocampus, the cortex and the spinal cord, can be cultured in vitro and coupled with a micro-electrode array (MEA) for months. After a few days, neurons connect each other with functionally active synapses, forming a random network and displaying spontaneous(More)
This paper presents a chip-based electrophysiological platform enabling the study of micro- and macro-circuitry in in-vitro neuronal preparations. The approach is based on a 64x64 microelectrode array device providing extracellular electrophysiological activity recordings with high spatial (21 microm of electrode separation) and temporal resolution (from(More)
A platform for high spatial and temporal resolution electrophysiological recordings of in vitro electrogenic cell cultures handling 4096 electrodes at a full frame rate of 8 kHz is presented and validated by means of cardiomyocyte cultures. Based on an active pixel sensor device implementing an array of metallic electrodes, the system provides acquisitions(More)
In this study we examined the passive biocompatibility of a three-dimensional microelectrode array (MEA), designed to be coupled to organotypic brain slice cultures for multisite recording of electrophysiological signals. Hippocampal (and corticostriatal) brain slices from 1-week-old (and newborn) rats were grown for 4-8 weeks on the perforated silicon(More)
A three-dimensional platinum (Pt) microelectrode array embedded on a micromachined silicon (Si) substrate (porosity of 13%, via hole diameter of 40 microns) has been developed. Electrodes are 35-micron wide and 20-microns high, spaced 200 microns apart and arranged in an elliptic geometry. Integrated within a microperfusion chamber, the devices were used(More)
Fetal or early postnatal brain tissue can be cultured in viable and healthy condition for several weeks with development and preservation of the basic cellular and connective organization as so-called organotypic brain slice cultures. Here we demonstrate and describe how it is possible to establish such hippocampal rat brain slice cultures on biocompatible(More)
High-density microelectrode arrays (MEAs) enabled by recent developments of microelectronic circuits (CMOS-MEA) and providing spatial resolutions down to the cellular level open the perspective to access simultaneously local and overall neuronal network activities expressed by in vitro preparations. The short inter-electrode separation results in a gain of(More)
This paper summarizes recent advances of the NeuroProbes project, a 4-year Integrated Project funded by the European Commission under the Information Society Technologies (IST) topic of the 6 th Framework Program. NeuroProbes aims at the development of multifunctional probe arrays comprising a 3-dimensional (3D) arrangement of recording and stimulation(More)
Electrophysiological techniques for the assessment of in vitro neurotoxicology have several advantages over other currently-used methods (for example, morphological techniques), including the ability to detect damage at a very early stage. Novel recording techniques based on microelectrode arrays are available, and could improve recording power. In this(More)
New relations for and interrelations between the current responses of different microelectrode arrays are presented. Interdigitated microelectrode arrays (IDAs: alternating cathodes and anodes) and uniform microband electrode arrays (MEAs: only cathodes or anodes) are treated, and miniaturized systems with planar band electrodes or hemicylinder electrodes(More)