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A platform for high spatial and temporal resolution electrophysiological recordings of in vitro electrogenic cell cultures handling 4096 electrodes at a full frame rate of 8 kHz is presented and validated by means of cardiomyocyte cultures. Based on an active pixel sensor device implementing an array of metallic electrodes, the system provides acquisitions(More)
This paper presents a chip-based electrophysiological platform enabling the study of micro- and macro-circuitry in in-vitro neuronal preparations. The approach is based on a 64x64 microelectrode array device providing extracellular electrophysiological activity recordings with high spatial (21 microm of electrode separation) and temporal resolution (from(More)
Neurons extracted from specific areas of the Central Nervous System (CNS), such as the hippocampus, the cortex and the spinal cord, can be cultured in vitro and coupled with a micro-electrode array (MEA) for months. After a few days, neurons connect each other with functionally active synapses, forming a random network and displaying spontaneous(More)
An array of electrodes on which cells could be grown directly was fabricated using silicon anisotropic etching and a thick-photoresist process and employed for the detection of nitric oxide (NO) released from a population of adherently growing human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC). The electrodes are tip-shaped and are 40 microm high of which only(More)
The two main metabolic pathways involved in sugar metabolism, i.e., the pentose phosphate pathway (PPP) and the glycolytic pathway (GP), were amperometrically monitored using a double-mediator system composed of menadione and ferricyanide. With the use of the Saccharomyces cerevisiae deletion mutant, EBY44, lacking the gene encoding for the branch point(More)
A microelectrode array (MEA) consisting of 34 silicon nitride passivated Pt-tip microelectrodes embedded on a perforated silicon substrate (porosity 35%) has been realized. The electrodes are 47 microns high, of which only the top 15 microns are exposed Pt-tips having a curvature of 0.5 micron. The MEA is intended for extracellular recordings of brain(More)
In this study we examined the passive biocompatibility of a three-dimensional microelectrode array (MEA), designed to be coupled to organotypic brain slice cultures for multisite recording of electrophysiological signals. Hippocampal (and corticostriatal) brain slices from 1-week-old (and newborn) rats were grown for 4-8 weeks on the perforated silicon(More)
Electrophysiological techniques for the assessment of in vitro neurotoxicology have several advantages over other currently-used methods (for example, morphological techniques), including the ability to detect damage at a very early stage. Novel recording techniques based on microelectrode arrays are available, and could improve recording power. In this(More)
Fetal or early postnatal brain tissue can be cultured in viable and healthy condition for several weeks with development and preservation of the basic cellular and connective organization as so-called organotypic brain slice cultures. Here we demonstrate and describe how it is possible to establish such hippocampal rat brain slice cultures on biocompatible(More)
The development of a high-density active microelectrode array for in vitro electrophysiology is reported. Based on the Active Pixel Sensor (APS) concept, the array integrates 4096 gold microelectrodes (electrode separation 20 microm) on a surface of 2.5 mmx2.5 mm as well as a high-speed random addressing logic allowing the sequential selection of the(More)