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Cognitive dysfunction is considered to be a core feature in schizophrenia. It is believed that antipsychotic drugs, especially atypical ones, could improve cognitive functions in schizophrenia patients. Auditory event-related potentials (ERPs) such as mismatch negativity (MMN) and P300 response are potential candidates for objective investigation of(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the value of a new multi-stage surgical procedure using bilateral intracranial electroencephalogram (iEEG) prior and post complete corpus callosotomy (CC) for epileptogenic focus localization. METHOD Thirty patients with drug-resistant epilepsy underwent bilateral iEEG monitoring to localize epileptogenic focus for surgical treatment.(More)
SIGFRIED (SIGnal modeling For Real-time Identification and Event Detection) software provides real-time functional mapping (RTFM) of eloquent cortex for epilepsy patients preparing to undergo resective surgery. This study presents the first application of paradigms used in functional magnetic resonance (fMRI) and electrical cortical stimulation mapping(More)
Mismatch negativity (MMN) and its magnetic counterpart (MMNm) have been shown to be altered in patients with various psychiatric and neurological disorders, e.g. Alzheimer's disease and schizophrenia, indicating deficits in involuntary attention. N-Methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor-mediated glutamate dysfunction is suggested to underlie these deficits.(More)
We investigated effects of olanzapine (5-10 mg/day) on passive and active attention in 11 patients with schizophrenia spectrum disorders and 15 healthy controls by using auditory evoked potentials (AEPs) mismatch negativity (MMN) and P300. AEPs were elicited during active and passive auditory "oddball" paradigms before, after 2 weeks and 4 weeks of(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the functional abnormalities of the motor cortices in children with migraine using magnetoencephalography (MEG) and a finger-tapping task. BACKGROUND Cortical hyperexcitability has been reported in adults with migraine using MEG. Many children with migraine report difficulty with motor functioning. There is no report on(More)
Acute migraine could be associated with neurophysiological and cognitive changes. This study evaluates the neurophysiological changes in auditory information processing in adolescents with acute migraine by means of magnetoencephalography. The multifeature sound mismatch negativity (MMN) paradigm was used to study nine adolescents with an acute migraine and(More)
Planning for epilepsy surgery depends substantially on the localization of brain cortical areas responsible for sensory, motor, or cognitive functions, clinically also known as eloquent cortex. In this paper, we present the novel software package 'cortiQ' that allows clinicians to localize eloquent cortex, thus providing a safe margin for surgical resection(More)
INTRODUCTION The psychomotor stimulant methylphenidate (MPH) has been shown to improve attentional processes, reflected in behavioural measures such as vigilance, reaction time and visual attention tasks. The neural mechanisms of MPH action on sensory information processing, however, remain poorly understood. To the authors' knowledge, this present study is(More)
PURPOSE We aimed to determine the changes in neural correlates of auditory information processing such as auditory detection, encoding, and sensory discrimination in pediatric patients with intractable epilepsy. METHODS In this magnetoencephalography (MEG) study, 10 patients and 10 age- and gender-matched healthy controls were investigated with the(More)