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CONTEXT Loss-of-function mutations in makorin ring finger 3 (MKRN3), an imprinted gene located on the long arm of chromosome 15, have been recognized recently as a cause of familial central precocious puberty (CPP) in humans. MKRN3 has a potential inhibitory effect on GnRH secretion. OBJECTIVES The objective of the study was to investigate potential MKRN3(More)
Gonadotropin-dependent, or central, precocious puberty is caused by early maturation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis. In girls, this condition is most often idiopathic. Recently, a G protein-coupled receptor, GPR54, and its ligand, kisspeptin, were described as an excitatory neuroregulator system for the secretion of gonadotropin-releasing(More)
Human puberty is triggered by the reemergence of GnRH pulsatile secretion with progressive activation of the gonadal function. A number of genes have been identified in the complex regulatory neuroendocrine network that controls puberty initiation. KISS1 and KISS1R genes, which encode kisspeptin and its cognate receptor, respectively, are considered crucial(More)
The goal of this study was to investigate how the Arg386Pro mutation prolongs KiSS-1 receptor (KISS1R) responsiveness to kisspeptin, contributing to human central precocious puberty. Confocal imaging showed colocalization of wild-type (WT) KISS1R with a membrane marker, which persisted for up to 5 h of stimulation. Conversely, no colocalization with a(More)
CONTEXT FGFR1 mutations cause isolated hypogonadotropic hypogonadism (IHH) with or without olfactory abnormalities, Kallmann syndrome, and normosmic IHH respectively. Recently, missense mutations in FGF8, a key ligand for fibroblast growth factor receptor (FGFR) 1 in the ontogenesis of GnRH, were identified in IHH patients, thus establishing FGF8 as a novel(More)
CONTEXT Loss-of-function mutations of the kisspeptin-1 receptor gene, KISS1R, have been identified in patients with normosmic isolated hypogonadotropic hypogonadism (nIHH). OBJECTIVE To investigate KISS1R defects in patients with absent or delayed puberty. PATIENTS We investigated KISS1R gene defects in a cohort of 99 Brazilian patients with nIHH or(More)
CONTEXT Several factors can affect adult height (AH) of patients with gonadotropin-dependent precocious puberty (GDPP) treated with depot GnRH analogs. OBJECTIVE Our objective was to determine factors influencing AH in patients with GDPP treated with depot GnRH analogs. PATIENTS A total of 54 patients (45 girls) with GDPP treated with depot GnRH analog(More)
The kisspeptin-GPR54 signaling complex is a key gatekeeper of human sexual maturation. Kisspeptins, encoded by the KISS1 gene, constitute a powerful stimulus for gonadotropin-releasing hormone-induced gonadotropin secretion. In addition, the KISS1 gene is a target for regulation by gonadal steroids in both sexes. The increase in hypothalamic kisspeptin(More)
OBJECTIVE Congenital hypogonadotropic hypogonadism with anosmia (Kallmann syndrome) or with normal sense of smell is a heterogeneous genetic disorder caused by defects in the synthesis, secretion and action of gonadotrophin-releasing hormone (GnRH). Mutations involving autosomal genes have been identified in approximately 30% of all cases of(More)
BACKGROUND Testotoxicosis is an autosomal dominant disorder usually recognized by progressive virilization, linear growth acceleration, skeletal maturation and pubertal testosterone levels in boys before 4 years of age. OBJECTIVE To describe the clinical and hormonal follow-up of a male infant with testotoxicosis who was initially diagnosed by molecular(More)