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OBJECTIVE The main clinical manifestations of amelogenesis imperfecta (AI) include alteration in the quality and quantity of enamel. AI is associated with different mutations in four genes: enamelin (ENAM), amelogenin (AMGX), kallikrein (KLK4) and enamelysin (MMP-20). Seven different mutations have been identified in the enamelin gene (ENAM). DESIGN In(More)
Bacterial plaque associated periodontal disease is the most common chronic infection in man and dogs. In man, there is an association between periodontal disease and myocardial infarction and stroke, while in dogs it has also been associated with changes in internal organs. Inflamed periodontal tissues present a 'periodontal disease burden' to the host and(More)
The aim of this study was to compare the effect of subgingival ultrasonic scaling followed by repeated (three times) antimicrobial photodynamic therapy (PDT), ultrasonic scaling alone (US), and scaling and root planing with hand instruments (SRP) for initial periodontal treatment. Twenty-seven non-smoking systemically healthy chronic periodontitis patients(More)
Transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) represents a family of polypeptide growth factors, involved in embryogenesis, inflammation, regulation of immune responses and wound healing. To determine whether TGF-beta contributes to the evolution of periodontal disease, we assayed TGF-beta levels in gingiva and crevicular fluid of patients with gingivitis and(More)
BACKGROUND, AIMS The purpose of this study was to evaluate the influence of oxygen free radical scavengers on periodontal inflammation and healing process. METHOD Experimental periodontitis was induced by elastic ligatures around premolars (P2, P3, P4) and 1st molars (M1) in the upper and lower jaws of 15 beagle dogs. 9 months after the beginning of the(More)
The purpose of this study was to select the best types of liposomes for use as drug carriers for topical treatment of oral mucosal lesions. Electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) oximetry, using the paramagnetic probe lithium phthalocyanine, was used in vivo to measure the effects of a hyperemic drug, benzyl nicotinate (BN) which was incorporated into(More)
The structure and permeability of cementum are changed during the course of periodontal disease. In this study, the transport of water-soluble, spin-labelled molecules through cementum was studied by electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR). Cementum samples cut from different parts of the root were classified into four different groups: (A) samples exposed to(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) and serum total antioxidant capacities (TACs) correlate with the degree of severity of periodontal disease in dogs. ANIMALS 41 Toy and Miniature Poodles. PROCEDURES After assessment of the degree of severity of naturally occurring periodontitis, GCF samples from both maxillary fourth(More)
Aspiration pneumonia is a common cause of death in older people, and the pathophysiology is a chronic respiratory failure with a mild airway inflammation. In this study, we established a mild inflammatory pneumonia model using Porphyromonas gingivalis (Pg) pathogen-infected mice. It elucidated the effects of Pg-infected pneumonia on proinflammatory(More)