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Flubendazole, methyl ester of [5-(4-fluorobenzoyl)-1H-benzimidazol-2-yl]carbamic acid, belongs to the group of benzimidazole anthelmintics, which are widely used in veterinary and human medicine. The phase I flubendazole biotransformation includes a hydrolysis of the carbamoyl methyl moiety accompanied by a decarboxylation (hydrolysed flubendazole) and a(More)
The disposition of the non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) nabumetone after a single oral dose administration of nabumetone tablets to humans and minipigs was investigated. Nabumetone is a prodrug, which is metabolized in the organism to the principal pharmacodynamically active metabolite -- 6-methoxy-2-naphthylacetic acid (6-MNA), and some other(More)
1. Nabumetone is a clinically used non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug, its biotransformation includes major active metabolite 6-methoxy-2-naphtylacetic acid and another three phase I as well as corresponding phase II metabolites which are regarded as inactive. One important biotransformation pathway is carbonyl reduction, which leads to the phase I(More)
For the purpose of in vivo pharmacokinetic studies, an HPLC method was developed and validated for the quantification of N-(ω)-hydroxy-nor-L-arginine, L-arginine and N-(ω)-ethyl-L-arginine (internal standard) in rat plasma. Sample processing involved a solid-phase extraction on the Waters MCX cartridges and on-line pre-column derivatization of the analytes(More)
Applications of tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS) techniques coupled with high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) in the identification and determination of phase I and phase II drug metabolites are reviewed with an emphasis on recent papers published predominantly within the last 6 years (2002-2007) reporting the employment of atmospheric pressure(More)
Simultaneous HPLC determination of the analgetic agent tramadol, its major pharmacodynamically active metabolite (O-desmethyltramadol) in human plasma is described. Simple methods for the preparation of the standard of the above-mentioned tramadol metabolite and N1,N1-dimethylsulfanilamide (used as the internal standard) are also presented. The analytical(More)
Rhodamine 123 (Rho123), a model substrate of P-glycoprotein (P-gp), was used to evaluate the functional activity of P-gp efflux transporter in the rat placental barrier. The dually perfused rat-term placenta method was used. In our experiments, the materno-fetal transplacental passage of Rho123 did not meet the criteria of the first-order pharmacokinetics,(More)
New bioanalytical SPE-HPLC-PDA-FL method for the determination of the neuroleptic drug tiapride and its N-desethyl metabolite was developed, validated and applied to xenobiochemical and pharmacokinetic studies in humans and animals. The sample preparation process involved solid-phase extraction of diluted plasma spiked with sulpiride (an internal standard)(More)