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Reactive oxygen species (ROS) and reactive nitrogen species (RNS, e.g. nitric oxide, NO(*)) are well recognised for playing a dual role as both deleterious and beneficial species. ROS and RNS are normally generated by tightly regulated enzymes, such as NO synthase (NOS) and NAD(P)H oxidase isoforms, respectively. Overproduction of ROS (arising either from(More)
Oxygen-free radicals, more generally known as reactive oxygen species (ROS) along with reactive nitrogen species (RNS) are well recognised for playing a dual role as both deleterious and beneficial species. The "two-faced" character of ROS is substantiated by growing body of evidence that ROS within cells act as secondary messengers in intracellular(More)
The development of cancer in humans and animals is a multistep process. The complex series of cellular and molecular changes participating in cancer development are mediated by a diversity of endogenous and exogenous stimuli. One type of endogenous damage is that arising from intermediates of oxygen (dioxygen) reduction—oxygen-free radicals (OFR), which(More)
Camptothecin (CPT) is an anticancer drug that inhibits topoisomerase I (Topo I) by forming a ternary DNA-CPT-Topo I complex. However, it has also been shown that UVA-irradiated CPT in the absence of Topo I produces significant DNA damage to cancer cells. In this work, we explored and identified free radicals generated in these processes. From the(More)
Redox active transition metal ions (e.g., iron and copper) have been implicated in the etiology of many oxidative stress-related diseases including also neurodegenerative disorders. Unbound copper can catalyze formation of reactive oxygen species (hydroxyl radicals) via Fenton reaction/Haber-Weiss chemistry and therefore, under physiological conditions,(More)
It is proposed that bile acids (deoxycholic acid), the K vitamins, iron(II) complexes and oxygen interact to induce an oncogenic effect in the colon by the generation of free radicals. In the relatively low oxidising/reducing conditions of the colonic lumen the K vitamins exist in the reduced form; however, if absorbed into the mucosa they have the capacity(More)
The response of the cavity to the rotation of a point-like sample in the horizontal (y-z) plane passing through the center of the Bruker double TE(104) and single TE(102) rectangular cavities in concentric circles of radii rho = 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5 mm from the cavity center (radial effect) has been analyzed. The experimentally observed dependencies of the(More)
The influence of cholesterol and β-sitosterol on egg yolk phosphatidylcholine (EYPC) bilayers is compared. Different interactions of these sterols with EYPC bilayers were observed using X-ray diffraction. Cholesterol was miscible with EYPC in the studied concentration range (0–50 mol%), but crystallization of β-sitosterol in EYPC bilayers was observed at X(More)
A series of novel iron(III) complexes of the general formula [Fe(L)X] (where L is a dianion of pentadentate Schiff base ligand N,N'-bis({2-hydroxy-3,5-dimethylphenyl}phenyl)methylidene-1,6-diamino-3-azapentane=H2 L1 for 1 and 2; N,N'-bis({2-hydroxy-3-ethoxyphenyl}methylidene)-1,6-diamino-3-azapentane=H2 L2 for 3 and 3⋅C3 H6 O) and X is terminal pseudohalido(More)
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