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Complete pedigree information is a prerequisite for modern breeding and the ranking of parents and offspring for selection and deployment decisions. DNA fingerprinting and pedigree reconstruction can substitute for artificial matings, by allowing parentage delineation of naturally produced offspring. Here, we report on the efficacy of a breeding concept(More)
This study compares population-wide positive assortative mating (PAM) with open-nucleus breeding with an elite and main population when more effort is allocated to parents of the elite. A companion study showed that PAM is advantageous when testing effort is independent of parental value. In the present study, unbalanced testing was imposed by varying the(More)
While other investigations have described benefits of positive assortative mating (PAM) for forest tree breeding, the allocation of resources among mates in these studies was either equal or varied, using schemes corresponding only to parental rank (i.e., more resources invested in higher-ranking parents). In this simulation study, family sizes were(More)
We developed a deterministic model to optimize DNA fingerprinting effort in the presence of gene flow during the application of Breeding without Breeding. The method considers trait’s heritability, level of gene flow, selection differential, and the proportion of progeny test subjected to fingerprinting (truncation). All the model’s variables individually(More)
The availability and affordability of genetic markers made it possible to estimate quantitative genetic parameters without mating designs' structured pedigree. Here, we compared 4-year height's heritability and individuals' breeding values for a western larch common-garden population of 1,418 offspring representing 15 open-pollinated families from a(More)
Nine microsatellite DNA markers (simple sequence repeats, SSRs) were used to estimate pairwise relationships among 597 Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris) trees as well as to generate a sibship structure for quantitative genetic parameters’ estimation comparison. The studied trees were part of an open-pollinated progeny test of 102 first-generation parents. Three(More)
Genetic gain and diversity of seed orchards’ crops are determined by the number of parents, their breeding values and relatedness, within-orchard pollination efficiency, and level of pollen contamination. These parameters can be manipulated at establishment by varying clonal representation (e.g., linear deployment), during orchard development by genetic(More)
We present a probabilistic model to minimize the fingerprinting effort associated with the implementation of the “breeding without breeding” scheme under partial pedigree reconstruction. Our approach is directed at achieving a declared target population’s minimum effective population size (N e ), following the pedigree reconstruction and genotypic selection(More)
The minimum-inbreeding (MI) seed orchard layout, formulated originally as a global quadratic assignment problem, was expanded into realistic problem sizes that are often encountered in operational forestry, where two modifications were tested: (1) the merging algorithm of independent MI’s solutions (i.e., smaller blocks) and (2) the extended global(More)
An application of “Breeding without Breeding” (BwB) is proposed to uncover or extract genetic information from existing plantations, using pedigree reconstruction and BLUP to predict breeding values and identify genetically superior individuals. The focus is on the use of the methodology at the initiation of an operational breeding program to circumvent the(More)