Milan Kolar

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This prospective study compared PCR and culture techniques in the diagnosis of prosthetic joint infection (PJI). We obtained joint fluid samples (JFS; n=115) from patients who had failed total joint arthroplasty between January 2003 and June 2005; 49 were positive for PJI according to established strict criteria. JFS were analyzed by PCR (n=35; control(More)
In spite of its incidence decreasing to 1% nowadays, prosthesis-related infection remains a research, diagnostic, therapeutic and cost-related problem. It can be defined as a presence of bacteria in the artificial joint space, which is significantly associated with evident laboratory and/or tissue markers, and clinical signs of running infection. We believe(More)
Azole antifungal ketoconazole (KET) was demonstrated to activate aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR). Since clinically used KET is a racemic mixture of two cis-enantiomers (2R,4S)-(+)-KET and (2S,4R)-(-)-KET, we examined the effects of KET enantiomers on AhR signaling pathway. (+)-KET dose-dependently activated AhR in human gene reporter cell line AZ-AHR, and(More)
Prosthetic joint infection (PJI) diagnosis includes several classes of verification. Among them, only a few have a stronger independent value, namely intraarticular purulence and communicating fistulas. Other diagnostic methods require careful test combinations, analysis, and interpretation. Molecular based techniques using the polymerase chain reaction(More)
The growing interest in the composition and effects of microbiota raised the question how drug pharmacokinetics could be influenced by concomitant application of probiotics. The aim of this study was to find whether probiotic E. coli strain Nissle 1917 (EcN) influences the pharmacokinetics of concomitantly taken antiarrhythmic drug amiodarone (AMI). Live(More)
BACKGROUND Enterobacteriaceae producing ESBL and AmpC enzymes can be associated with failure of antibiotic therapy and related morbidity and mortality. Their routine detection in microbiology laboratories is still a problem. The aim of this study was to compare the sensitivity of selected phenotypic methods. MATERIAL/METHODS A total of 106 strains of the(More)
Sepsis is a greatly feared complication of total joint arthroplasty. One key question is how to prevent perioperative bacterial adherence, and therefore the potential for infectious complications. The objective of our study was to appraise the emerging capacity of staphylococcal survival on prosthetic materials and to analyze the in vitro effects of(More)
Increasing bacterial resistance to antibiotics is one of the most serious problems in current medicine. An important factor contributing to the growing prevalence of multiresistant bacteria is application of antibiotics. This study aimed at analyzing the development of resistance of Enterobacteriaceae to selected beta-lactam, fluoroquinolone and(More)
Escherichia coli is a common commensal bacterial species of humans and animals that may become a troublesome pathogen causing serious diseases. The aim of this study was to characterize the quinolone resistance phenotypes and genotypes in E. coli isolates of different origin from one area of the Czech Republic. E. coli isolates were obtained from(More)
The presented study aims at analyzing an increasing prevalence of vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE) isolated from various kinds of clinical material obtained from patients in the Department of Hemato-oncology (DHO), University Hospital in Olomouc, Czech Republic. Between January 1 and March 31, 2005, enterococci were isolated by standard(More)