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BACKGROUND & AIMS We aimed to investigate serum hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) levels in patients with chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection during peginterferon (PEG-IFN) and entecavir (ETV) monotherapy. METHODS HBsAg was quantified (Abbott ARCHITECT) at baseline and during antiviral therapy (weeks 12, 24, 36, 48) in hepatitis B e antigen(More)
Serum hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) levels reflect intrahepatic hepatitis B virus (HBV) covalently closed circular DNA and may be a valuable addition to HBV DNA in the management of patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB). Among HBeAg-negative CHB patients with low HBV DNA levels, HBsAg quantification may help distinguish those with active CHB from(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Serum Hepatitis B surface Antigen (HBsAg) levels correlate with hepatitis B virus intrahepatic covalently closed circular DNA and may predict response to treatment. Currently, 2 commercial platforms are available for HBsAg quantification in clinical practice, the Architect HBsAg QT and the Elecsys HBsAg. We aimed to directly(More)
BACKGROUND The kinetics of hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) are predictive in HBV-infected patients treated with pegylated interferon. Knowledge about the value of HBsAg levels in patients coinfected with HBV and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is lacking. METHODS We quantified serum HBsAg in a Dutch multicenter cohort of 104 patients coinfected(More)
BACKGROUND Hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg) and hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) clearance are associated with an improved prognosis in chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients. These end points are more often achieved with a one-year course of pegylated interferon (PEG-IFN) compared with one year of nucleoside/nucleotide analogue therapy. However, prolonged(More)
UNLABELLED Serum hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) levels may reflect the immunomodulatory efficacy of pegylated interferon (PEG-IFN). We investigated within a large randomized trial whether quantitative HBsAg levels predict response to PEG-IFN in patients with hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg)-positive chronic hepatitis B. Serum HBsAg was measured in samples(More)
OBJECTIVE Entecavir (ETV) is a potent inhibitor of viral replication in chronic hepatitis B and prolonged treatment may result in regression of fibrosis. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of ETV on disease progression. DESIGN In a multicentre cohort study, 372 ETV-treated patients were investigated. Clinical events were defined as(More)
INTRODUCTION Chronic hepatitis B infection is a global health problem affecting more than 350 million people worldwide. Prolonged liver inflammation caused by active infection with the hepatitis B virus (HBV) may result in progression to liver fibrosis, cirrhosis and ultimately hepatocellular carcinoma and death. Since the 1960s, hepatitis B virus surface(More)
As chronic hepatitis C patients with progressive disease can present themselves with normal ALT levels, more sensitive biomarkers are needed. MicroRNAs are newly discovered small noncoding RNAs that are stable and detectable in the circulation. We aimed to investigate the association between hepatocyte-derived microRNAs in serum and liver injury in patients(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Serum levels of interferon-gamma inducible protein 10 (IP-10) are a marker for immune activity, and may predict response to peginterferon (PegIFN) therapy in chronic hepatitis B. METHODS IP-10 was measured at baseline and on-treatment week 12 in 210 HBeAg-positive patients treated with PegIFN for 52 weeks. Response to treatment was(More)