Milan Hájek

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Emerging clinical studies of treating brain and spinal cord injury (SCI) with autologous adult stem cells led us to compare the effect of an intravenous injection of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), an injection of a freshly prepared mononuclear fraction of bone marrow cells (BMCs) or bone marrow cell mobilization induced by granulocyte colony stimulating(More)
AIMS The aim of this study was to compare the effects of calorie-restricted vegetarian and conventional diabetic diets alone and in combination with exercise on insulin resistance, visceral fat and oxidative stress markers in subjects with Type 2 diabetes. METHODS A 24-week, randomized, open, parallel design was used. Seventy-four patients with Type 2(More)
PURPOSE Phenylketonuria (PKU) patients were examined by different MR techniques to explain the pathological changes observed in periventricular white brain matter using conventional MR imaging. MATERIAL AND METHODS Fifteen patients with treated classical PKU were examined by 1H spectroscopy, relaxometry and diffusion imaging on a whole-body 1.5-T MR(More)
The diffusion parameters in rat cortex were studied 3-35 days following a cortical stab wound, using diffusion-weighted MR to determine the apparent diffusion coefficient of water (ADC(W)) in the tissue, and the real-time iontophoretic tetramethylammonium (TMA) method to measure the extracellular space (ECS) diffusion parameters: ECS volume fraction alpha(More)
Maghemite (gamma-Fe2O3) nanoparticles were obtained by the coprecipitation of Fe(II) and Fe (III) salts with ammonium hydroxide followed by oxidation with sodium hypochlorite. Solution radical polymerization of N,N-dimethylacrylamide(DMAAm) in the presence of maghemite nanoparticles yielded poly(N,N-dimethylacrylamide)(PDMAAm)-coated maghemite(More)
Nuclear magnetic resonance (MR) imaging provides a noninvasive method for studying the fate of transplanted cells in vivo. We studied, in animals with a cortical photochemical lesion or with a balloon-induced spinal cord compression lesion, the fate of implanted rat bone marrow stromal cells (MSCs) and mouse embryonic stem cells (ESCs) labeled with(More)
Bone marrow stromal cells (MSCs) are pluripotent progenitor cells that have the capacity to migrate toward lesions and induce or facilitate site-dependent differentiation in response to environmental signals. In animals with a cortical photochemical lesion, the fate of rat MSCs colabeled with magnetic iron-oxide nanoparticles (Endorem) and bromodeoxyuridine(More)
AIM To assess the functional status and etiology of liver cirrhosis by quantitative (31)P magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS). METHODS A total of 80 patients with liver cirrhosis of different etiology and functional status described by Child-Pugh score were examined and compared to 11 healthy volunteers. MR examination was performed on a 1.5 T imager(More)
Changes in MR images and 1H spectra of 20 patients with hyperphenylalaninaemia were compared with data of controls. Major changes in T2 MR images were found in the periventricular area (20/19). Some patients showed lesions in MR images of basal ganglia (20/7) and in the cerebellum (20/4). The results of proton MR spectroscopy show no significant difference(More)
New surface-modified iron oxide nanoparticles were developed by precipitation of Fe(II) and Fe(III) salts with ammonium hydroxide and oxidation of the resulting magnetite with sodium hypochlorite, followed by the addition of poly( L-lysine) (PLL) solution. PLL of several molecular weights ranging from 146 ( L-lysine) to 579 000 was tested as a coating to(More)