Learn More
Magnetic resonance spectroscopic imaging (MRSI) involves a huge number of spectra to be processed and analyzed. Several tools enabling MRSI data processing have been developed and widely used. However, the processing programs primarily focus on sophisticated spectra processing and offer limited support for the analysis of the calculated spectroscopic maps.(More)
Bone marrow stromal cells (MSCs) are pluripotent progenitor cells that have the capacity to migrate toward lesions and induce or facilitate site-dependent differentiation in response to environmental signals. In animals with a cortical photochemical lesion, the fate of rat MSCs colabeled with magnetic iron-oxide nanoparticles (Endorem) and bromodeoxyuridine(More)
Emerging clinical studies of treating brain and spinal cord injury (SCI) with autologous adult stem cells led us to compare the effect of an intravenous injection of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), an injection of a freshly prepared mononuclear fraction of bone marrow cells (BMCs) or bone marrow cell mobilization induced by granulocyte colony stimulating(More)
The diffusion parameters in rat cortex were studied 3-35 days following a cortical stab wound, using diffusion-weighted MR to determine the apparent diffusion coefficient of water (ADC(W)) in the tissue, and the real-time iontophoretic tetramethylammonium (TMA) method to measure the extracellular space (ECS) diffusion parameters: ECS volume fraction alpha(More)
Diffusion parameters of the extracellular space (ECS) are changed in many brain pathologies, disturbing synaptic as well as extrasynaptic "volume" transmission, which is based on the diffusion of neuroactive substances in the ECS. Amyloid deposition, neuronal loss, and disturbed synaptic transmission are considered to be the main causes of Alzheimer's(More)
Nuclear magnetic resonance (MR) imaging provides a noninvasive method for studying the fate of transplanted cells in vivo. We studied, in animals with a cortical photochemical lesion or with a balloon-induced spinal cord compression lesion, the fate of implanted rat bone marrow stromal cells (MSCs) and mouse embryonic stem cells (ESCs) labeled with(More)
OBJECT Hydrogels are nontoxic, chemically inert synthetic polymers with a high water content and large surface area that provide mechanical support for cells and axons when implanted into spinal cord tissue. METHODS Macroporous hydrogels based on 2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate (HEMA) were prepared by radical copolymerization of monomers in the presence of(More)
We report on a case of frontal lobe epilepsy in an eight-year-old girl. Seizure semiology and EEG indicated an epileptogenic zone localized in the mesial frontal structures, without clear-cut lateralization. MRI showed a lesion in the right cingulate gyrus, initially regarded as a hamartoma. Ictal SPECT did not have a localization value. MR spectroscopy(More)
OBJECT The goals of the study were to determine at what dosage and after what interval impairment of hippocampal function occurs after Leksell gamma knife radiosurgery (GKS) of the rat hippocampus and to assess the associated structural changes. METHODS Long-Evans rats were irradiated with maximum doses of 25, 50, 75, 100, and 150 Gy, and four 4-mm(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of the study was to assess structural changes in gray matter (GM) volume and fractional anisotropy (FA) in patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) compared to control subjects using Voxel-Based Morphometry (VBM). Fractional anisotropy in the corpus callosum of both groups was also calculated using ROI analysis. METHODS Twenty-one patients(More)