Milan Škorvaga

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Nucleotide excision repair (NER) is a highly conserved DNA repair mechanism. NER systems recognize the damaged DNA strand, cleave it on both sides of the lesion, remove and newly synthesize the fragment. UvrB is a central component of the bacterial NER system participating in damage recognition, strand excision and repair synthesis. We have solved the(More)
Nucleotide excision repair is a highly conserved DNA repair mechanism present in all kingdoms of life. The incision reaction is a critical step for damage removal and is accomplished by the UvrC protein in eubacteria. No structural information is so far available for the 3' incision reaction. Here we report the crystal structure of the N-terminal catalytic(More)
Telomerase is often re-activated in human cancers and is widely used to immortalize cells in culture. In addition to the maintenance of telomeres, telomerase has been implicated in cell proliferation, genomic instability and apoptosis. Here we show that human telomerase reverse transcriptase (hTERT) is targeted to the mitochondria by an N-terminal leader(More)
A molecular model for the human nucleotide excision repair protein, XPD, was developed based on the structural and functional relationship of the protein with a bacterial nucleotide excision repair (NER) protein, UvrB. Whereas XPD does not share significant sequence identity with UvrB, the proteins share seven highly conserved helicase motifs that define a(More)
UvrB plays a major role in recognition and processing of DNA lesions during nucleotide excision repair. The crystal structure of UvrB revealed a similar fold as found in monomeric DNA helicases. Homology modeling suggested that the beta-hairpin motif of UvrB might be involved in DNA binding (Theis, K., Chen, P. J., Skorvaga, M., Van Houten, B., and Kisker,(More)
Nucleotide excision repair (NER) is a highly conserved DNA repair mechanism present in all kingdoms of life. UvrB is a central component of the bacterial NER system, participating in damage recognition, strand excision and repair synthesis. None of the three presently available crystal structures of UvrB has defined the structure of domain 2, which is(More)
The Escherichia coli ada gene protein coding region under the control of the yeast alcohol dehydrogenase promoter in the extrachromosomally replicating yeast expression vectors pADHO6C and pVT103LO6C was introduced into the wild-type yeast strains, YNN-27 and FF-18733, and the repair deficient mutants LN-1 (rad1-1), VV-5 (rad6-1), C5-6 (rad52-1) and(More)
UvrB, a central DNA damage recognition protein in bacterial nucleotide excision repair, has weak affinity for DNA, and its ATPase activity is activated by UvrA and damaged DNA. Regulation of DNA binding and ATP hydrolysis by UvrB is poorly understood. Using atomic force microscopy and biochemical assays, we found that truncation of domain 4 of Bacillus(More)
PURPOSE To examine the contribution of endonuclease III (Nth)-repairable lesions to the cytotoxicity of ionizing radiation (IR) and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. MATERIALS AND METHODS A selectable expression vector containing the E. coli nth gene was transformed into two different wild-type strains (7799-4B and YNN-27) as(More)
Nucleotide excision repair (NER) is a universal DNA repair mechanism found in all three kingdoms of life. Its ability to repair a broad range of DNA lesions sets NER apart from other repair mechanisms. NER systems recognize the damaged DNA strand and cleave it 3', then 5' to the lesion. After the oligonucleotide containing the lesion is removed, repair(More)