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We propose a modular neural-network structure for implementing the Bayesian framework for learning and inference. Our design has three main components, two for computing the priors and likelihoods based on observations and one for applying Bayes' rule. Through comprehensive simulations we show that our proposed model succeeds in implementing Bayesian(More)
We use data extracted from many weblogs to identify the underlying relations of a set of companies in the Standard and Poor (S&P) 500 index. We define a pairwise similarity measure for the companies based on the weblog articles and then apply a graph clustering procedure. We show that it is possible to capture some interesting relations between companies(More)
Finding the sparse solution of an underdetermined system of linear equations (the so called sparse recovery problem) has been extensively studied in the last decade because of its applications in many different areas. So, there are now many sparse recovery algorithms (and program codes) available. However, most of these algorithms have been developed for(More)
Culture is considered an evolutionary adaptation that enhances human reproductive fitness. A common explanation is that social learning, the learning mechanism underlying cultural transmission, enhances fitness by avoiding the extra costs of individual learning. This explanation was disproved by a mathematical model of individual and social learning,(More)
Bayesian models of cognition hypothesize that human brains make sense of data by representing probability distributions and applying Bayes' rule to find the best explanation for available data. Understanding the neural mechanisms underlying probabilistic models remains important because Bayesian models provide a computational framework, rather than(More)
In this paper, we consider a generalized multivariate regression problem where the responses are monotonic functions of linear transformations of predictors. We propose a semi-parametric algorithm based on the ordering of the responses which is invariant to the functional form of the transformation function. We prove that our algorithm, which maximizes the(More)
Most of the channel aware decentralized detection methods are actually semi-decentralized in the sense that all the peripheral sensors transmit a quantized function of their observations to a central node (fusion center) and the final decision is made there. In this paper, we propose a fully decentralized channel aware algorithm for decentralized detection(More)