Learn More
  • M Székely
  • 2000
The vagus nerve may indirectly influence thermoregulation by modulation of energy balance: its afferent fibers convey signals that represent information on feeding state, resulting in either depression or stimulation of metabolic processes. A regulated metabolic depression can be detected in the background of fasting-induced hypometabolism and hypothermia.(More)
Prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) is postulated to be a central mediator of fever. It is generally believed that it is produced in the preoptic area of the anterior hypothalamus (POA) because, among other evidence, its level increases both in the third ventricle and in the POA in response to pyrogens. However, lately, the question has arisen whether PGE2 might, in(More)
Long-term regulation of energy balance involves two major trends: first age-related obesity develops in the middle-aged, later it is followed by anorexia of aging (sarcopenia and/or cachexia). A dynamic balance between orexigenic and anorexigenic neuropeptides is essential for the regulation of energy homeostasis. Special imbalances of neuropeptide effects(More)
UNLABELLED Changes of the anorexigenic and hypermetabolic components of the overall catabolic effect of alpha-MSH were studied in rats as a function of age. In male Wistar rats a 7 day-long intracerebroventricular infusion of alpha-MSH suppressed food intake and caused a fall in body weight in 2 and 3-4 month-old (young) groups, but it was most effective in(More)
The hypothalamic melanocortin (MC) system is a major catabolic regulator of energy balance: it suppresses food intake (FI), elevates metabolic rate, and reduces body weight (BW). The primary activator of the MC system [mainly via the alpha-melanocyte stimulating hormone (alpha-MSH)] is the adipocyte-derived leptin. With increasing BW, resistance develops to(More)
In conscious female Wistar rats with chronic lateral cerebroventricular cannula, the thermoregulatory effects of CCK-8, ceruletide and prostaglandin E1 (PGE1) were studied. In addition, the possible involvement of type A or type B receptors of CCK-8 in thermoregulatory effects of PGE1 and CCK-8 was also investigated. In the normothermic rat an(More)
Age-related obesity is known to be adjoined by leptin resistance. It has not been clarified whether the resistance is cause or result of obesity. In the present experiments, the anorexic (suppressing food intake and body weight) and hypermetabolic (increasing body temperature (Tc), activity, and heart rate (HR), indicating metabolic rate) responses to(More)
Leptin is produced mainly in the white adipose tissue and emerged as one of the key catabolic regulators of food intake and energy expenditure. During the course of aging characteristic alterations in body weight and body composition in humans and mammals, i.e. middle-aged obesity and aging anorexia and cachexia, suggest age-related regulatory changes in(More)
In rats, fevers induced by moderate-to-high doses of intravenous lipopolysaccharide consist of three phases (phases 1, 2 and 3) with body temperature peaks at approximately 1, 2, and 5 h postinjection, respectively. In this study, the effects of bilateral truncal subdiaphragmatic vagotomy and intraperitoneal capsaicin desensitization on febrile phases 1-3(More)
The aims of the present study were (1) to determine whether selective lesions of the accumbens cholinergic interneurons impair feeding and body weight regulation, and (2) to characterize the nature of disturbances using motivational and metabolic challenges. Rats with bilateral cholinotoxic (AF64A) lesions in the nucleus accumbens showed a significant and(More)