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Methylglyoxal is an alpha-oxoaldehyde inevitably produced from triose-phosphate intermediates of phosphorylating glycolysis, and also from amino acids and acetone. Recently, the attention has been focused on the involvement of free radicals in methylglyoxal toxicity. In this review, a summary of the relationship between methylglyoxal metabolism and free(More)
Methylglyoxal, an alpha-oxoaldehyde discovered in the 1880s, has had a hectic scientific career, at times being considered of fundamental importance and at other times viewed as playing a very subordinate role. Much has been learned about methylglyoxal, but the function of its production in the metabolic machinery is still unknown. This paper gives an(More)
Despite the growing interest towards methylglyoxal and glyoxalases their real role in metabolic network is still obscure. In the light of developments several reviews have been published in this field mainly dealing with only a narrow segment of this research area. In this article a trial is made to present a comprehensive overview of methylglyoxal(More)
Although the interest is growing towards glyoxalases and methylglyoxal, their role in metabolism is still an enigma. In this paper, the effects of methylglyoxal in both in vivo and in vitro mammalian systems are reviewed and correlated with its interaction with macromolecules (nucleic acids, proteins). The theories on the role of methylglyoxal and(More)
Tobacco smoking is an extremely addictive and harmful form of nicotine (NIC) consumption, but unfortunately also the most prevalent. Although disproportionately high frequencies of smoking and its health consequences among psychiatric patients are widely known, the neurobiological background of this epidemiological association is still obscure. The diverse(More)
To elucidate the metabolic function of mRNA polyadenylation in Escherichia coli. we searched for a polyadenylate-binding protein as a potential mediator of the function of the poly(A) moiety. Using a nitrocellulose filter-binding assay and a Northwestern blot technique, a protein in the ribosomal supernatant fraction of E coli was identified and purified to(More)
The effects of a single intraperitoneal injection of methylglyoxal (50-800 mg/kg body wt.) in mice were investigated in the liver after 24 h. The administration of methylglyoxal (400 mg/kg body wt.) resulted in an increase in aniline hydroxylase activity in liver microsomes. At the same time an accumulation of p-amino-phenol, the hydroxylated product of(More)
Starvation causes several changes in the various processes of biotransformation. The focus of this review is on biotransformation of various aromatic and other compounds whose metabolism is catalyzed in phase I by isozymes belonging to the CYP2E1 gene subfamily, while in phase II phenol-UDPGT or conjugation with GSH play a dominant role. The other ways of(More)
The antiepileptic drug (AED) carbamazepine is widely used in the treatment of different kinds of seizures as well as affective and behavioural disorders. This paper presents an epidemiological study of carbamazepine-induced hepatic injuries and death, and describes the possible mechanisms of its toxicity. A retrospective analysis of clinical data revealed(More)