Miklós Madarász

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Neurons displaying a thalamo-cortical projection were marked by means of the retrograde transport of horseradish peroxidase (HRP), and the labeled elements were compared with neurons impregnated by the Golgi technique. Injections of HRP into the posterior area of the limbic cortex resulted in its uptake by various anterior thalamic nuclei, especially the(More)
Numerical data of neuron and fiber elements were observed and measured on Golgi preparations. The aim of the quantitative Golgi analysis was to obtain data on the spatial arrangement of arely neurons, their relations to the interneurons, on the spatial architecture of the arborizations of optic fibers and their relations to the main neuron types. The(More)
Morphological modifications of two subcortical vibrissal relays were analyzed, following destruction of vibrissal follicles in newborn mice. The volume of the nucleus interpolaris (NI) of the trigeminal nuclear complex in the brainstem decreased by 33%, while the number of its neuronal perikarya decreased only moderately. Vibrissal deafferentation caused no(More)
In the cat lateral geniculate nucleus all cells of all types were counted: their absolute numbers, their densities and their relative distribution. The nuclear volume and the volume of each layer was measured. The data of volume was applied on living material. The average densities of cells were calculated from the volume of LGN. The density of the cells(More)
The numerical data, gained both from the quantitative histology and Golgi stained material was completed with those of optic fibers. The number of X and Y fibers was estimated on the basis of our results, on the data of literature and from the ratio of the large and medium size relay neurons. The crossed and uncrossed fibers were counted and compared with(More)
An attempt is made on the definition of proportional distribution of the different types of neurons in the layers of LGN by means of quantitative method. On the basis of nuclear volume, nuclear and cell diameters the different types of neurons were separated according to their size and shape. The ratio of relay and interneurons proved to be 2:1 in all(More)
The ultrastructure of mossy fibre terminals, granule cells, and pyramidal neurons was studied in cat material. The average of the mossy terminals and the density of the synaptic vesicles were analysed. The large mossy terminals establish mainly axo-spiny synapses on the apical dendrites of pyramidal neurons in the CA3 area, but some axo-dendritic synapses(More)
A quantitative analysis was carried out on the thalamic ventrobasal (VB) complex of the cat. The following numerical and metrical parameters of the neuronal elements (cells and fibers) were determined: 1. Volume of nucleus: 27.38 mm3 2. Total number of neurons: 243,000 3. Total number of fibers of medial lemniscus: 26,000 4. Volume of arborization space of(More)
Residual neurons following chronic surgical disconnection from the cortex were studied by light and electron microscopy in the dorsal Lateral Geniculate Nucleus (LGN) of adult cats. One year after operation the volume of the decorticated LGN had shrunken to approximately half that of the control LGN. The number of nerve cells decreased at the same time, to(More)
Retrograde axonal transport of horseradish peroxidase was used to identify the afferent projection systems of the anterior thalamic nuclei in the cat. The results indicate that fibres projecting to the three anterior nuclei of the thalamus arise from the hippocampal region, septum and cingulate cortex unilaterally and from the hypothalamus (mamillary(More)