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Oxidative stress and deficiency of the enzyme catalase, which is the primary scavenger of the oxidant H(2)O(2), may contribute to diabetes. The current study examined two polymorphisms in the catalase gene, -262C>nT in the promoter and 111C>T in exon 9, and their effects on blood catalase activity as well as on concentrations of blood glucose, haemoglobin(More)
The aim of the study was to test the hypothesis that cerebrovascular reserve capacity and cerebrovascular reactivity are impaired in patients suffering from non insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. We also intended to investigate factors which may influence resting cerebral blood flow velocity and cerebrovascular reserve capacity. A total of 28 patients(More)
UNLABELLED In type 2 diabetes mellitus the decreased catabolism of triglyceride-rich lipoproteins as a consequence of mainly the decreased lipoprotein lipase activity results in hypertriglyceridaemia and other lipoprotein alterations promoting atherosclerosis. The high-density lipoprotein-associated enzyme, paraoxonase, prevents the oxidation of low-density(More)
Hydrogen peroxide plays a major role in the pathomechanism of diabetes mellitus and its main regulator is enzyme catalase. The blood catalase and the C111T polymorphism in exon 9 was examined in type 1, type 2 and gestational diabetes mellitus. Compared to the control group (104.7 +/- 18.5 MU/l) significantly decreased (p < 0.001) blood catalase activities(More)
INTRODUCTION Microvascular abnormalities have an important role in the most frequent neurological complications of diabetes mellitus: neuropathy and cerebrovascular disorders. Severity of neuropathy as well as of cerebral microvascular damage can be quantitatively evaluated by instrumental methods like nerve conduction studies and transcranial Doppler. In(More)
The role of reduced endothelial production of EDRF-NO in the pathogenesis of diabetic angiopathy has received much attention, however, most of the rather conflicting data were gained from animal experiments. Limited human experience seems to be available in insulin dependent diabetes, calling attention to decreased EDRF-NO production. Hereby the clinical,(More)
Circulating leukocyte-platelet heterophilic aggregates produce procoagulant, oxidative and mitogenic substances, and can cause microembolism in capillaries as well as acute arterial thrombosis. Our aim was to determine if there was any difference in the number of circulating heterophilic aggregates between diabetic patients and controls, if the formation of(More)
The heterophilic adhesions between monocytes and platelets may result in the modification of both platelet and monocyte function. This mutual modification includes a greater activation of platelets with increased production of PDGF and other metabolites as well as an enhanced tissue factor expression of monocytes with greater activity in the circulation.(More)
Atherosclerosis is a systemic disease affecting the coronary, carotid, intracerebral, renal and peripherial arteries. The early morphological and functional impairments could be detected in the second or third decades of life and their progression depend on the number and severity of risk factors and individual susceptility. Although the vascular risk(More)
The role of platelets in the development of atherosclerosis and obesity-related prothrombotic state is still under investigation. In this cross-sectional cohort study, we measured the levels of different platelet activation markers and evaluated their relationship with carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) along with other atherosclerotic risk factors in(More)