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The effects of the recently identified neuropeptides orexin-A and orexin-B on the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) system were investigated. An in vivo system was used to assess the central effects of both orexin-A and orexin-B. Different doses of the orexins (2.8-560 pmol) were administered intracerebroventricularly (i.c.v.) to adult male rats, and(More)
The effects of intracerebroventricularly administered endomorphin-2 (EM2) on open-field activity and the hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) system were investigated. EM2 (0.25-1 microg) significantly increased both the locomotor and the rearing activity, resulting in a bell-shaped dose-response curve. EM2 also enhanced corticosterone release, with an even(More)
The present experiments focused on the effects of neuromedin S on hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) activation and behavior. The peptide (0.25-1 nmol) was administered intracerebroventricularly to rats, the behavior of which was monitored by means of telemetry, open field observations and an elevated plus-maze (EPM) test. Autonomic functions such as the(More)
The effects of centrally administered pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide (PACAP-38) on body temperature were investigated in rats. Intracerebroventricular (i.c.v.) administration of PACAP-38 in doses of 500 and 1000 ng induced a dose-related elevation in colon temperature 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6 h after injection. The i.c.v. pretreatment of the(More)
The involvement of transmitters in the hyperthermic effect of centrally administered pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide (PACAP-38) was studied. Rats were treated with different receptor antagonists or agonists in doses that per se proved to be ineffective. The following agonists and antagonists were used: haloperidol, phenoxybenzamine,(More)
The mediation of orexin-A-induced hypothermia was investigated. Different doses of orexin-A (140-560 pmol) were administered intracerebroventricularly (i.c.v.) to adult male rats, and the colon temperature was used as an index of the thermoregulatory action. Orexin-A decreased both the basal colon temperature and the lipopolysaccharide-induced fever and(More)
Corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) is the major neuromodulator of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis, regulating the behavioural, endocrine, autonomic and immune responses to stress. Together with the recently discovered members of the CRF peptide family, urocortin 1, urocortin 2 and urocortin 3, it also has neurotransmitter actions. Previous(More)
As the distribution of apelinergic neurons in the brain suggests an important role of apelin-13 in the regulation of neuroendocrine processes, in the present experiments the effects of this recently identified neuropeptide on the open-field activity, the hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) system and the body temperature were investigated. I.c.v.(More)
Many bladder cancers progress to invasion with poor prognosis; new therapeutic methods are needed. We developed a cytotoxic LH-RH analog, AN-152 (AEZS-108) containing doxorubicin (DOX), for targeted therapy of cancers expressing LHRH receptors. We investigated the expression of LH-RH receptors in clinical bladder cancers and in HT-1376, J82, RT-4 and(More)
The role of neuropeptide Y (NPY) in the mediation of orexin-induced hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) activation was investigated in the rat. The HPA system was stimulated by intracerebroventricular (i.c.v.) administration of orexin-A or orexin-B (140 or 280 pmol, respectively) and the plasma concentration of corticosterone was used as an index of the(More)