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The effects of the recently identified neuropeptides orexin-A and orexin-B on the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) system were investigated. An in vivo system was used to assess the central effects of both orexin-A and orexin-B. Different doses of the orexins (2.8-560 pmol) were administered intracerebroventricularly (i.c.v.) to adult male rats, and(More)
The effects of intracerebroventricularly administered endomorphin-2 (EM2) on open-field activity and the hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) system were investigated. EM2 (0.25-1 microg) significantly increased both the locomotor and the rearing activity, resulting in a bell-shaped dose-response curve. EM2 also enhanced corticosterone release, with an even(More)
The effects of centrally administered pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide (PACAP-38) on body temperature were investigated in rats. Intracerebroventricular (i.c.v.) administration of PACAP-38 in doses of 500 and 1000 ng induced a dose-related elevation in colon temperature 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6 h after injection. The i.c.v. pretreatment of the(More)
The involvement of transmitters in the hyperthermic effect of centrally administered pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide (PACAP-38) was studied. Rats were treated with different receptor antagonists or agonists in doses that per se proved to be ineffective. The following agonists and antagonists were used: haloperidol, phenoxybenzamine,(More)
The action of ghrelin on telemetrically recorded motor activity and the transmission of the effects of this neuropeptide on spontaneous and exploratory motor activity and some related endocrine and homeostatic parameters were investigated. Different doses (0.5-5 microg) of ghrelin administered intracerebroventricularly caused significant increases in both(More)
As the distribution of apelinergic neurons in the brain suggests an important role of apelin-13 in the regulation of neuroendocrine processes, in the present experiments the effects of this recently identified neuropeptide on the open-field activity, the hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) system and the body temperature were investigated. I.c.v.(More)
The widespread distribution of apelin-13 and apelin receptors in the brain suggests an important function of this neuropeptide in the brain that has not been explored extensively so far. In the present work, apelin-13 was found to facilitate the consolidation of passive avoidance learning in mice. In order to assess the possible involvement of transmitters(More)
The widespread distribution of apelin-13 and apelin receptors in the brain and periphery suggests an important function of this neuropeptide in regulatory processes in the organism. In previous work we found that apelin-13 facilitates the consolidation of passive avoidance learning in rats. In the present work we demonstrate that apelin-13 exerts anxiolytic(More)
The present experiments focused on the effects of neuromedin S on hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) activation and behavior. The peptide (0.25-1 nmol) was administered intracerebroventricularly to rats, the behavior of which was monitored by means of telemetry, open field observations and an elevated plus-maze (EPM) test. Autonomic functions such as the(More)
Corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) is the major neuromodulator of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis, regulating the behavioural, endocrine, autonomic and immune responses to stress. Together with the recently discovered members of the CRF peptide family, urocortin 1, urocortin 2 and urocortin 3, it also has neurotransmitter actions. Previous(More)