Miklós Csanády

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Baroreflex sensitivity (BRS) by the spontaneous sequence technique has been widely used as a cardiac autonomic index for a variety of pathological conditions. However, little information is available on determinants of the variability of spontaneous BRS and on age-related reference values of this measurement in a healthy population. We evaluated BRS as the(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The Na(+)/Ca(2+) exchanger (NCX) may play a key role in myocardial contractility. The operation of the NCX is affected by the action potential (AP) configuration and the intracellular Na(+) concentration. This study examined the effect of selective NCX inhibition by 0.1, 0.3 and 1.0 microM SEA0400 on the myocardial contractility in(More)
Echocardiographic data on 21 top-grade kayak- canoeists and 16 top-grade handball players are compared. While the end-diastolic and end-systolic diameters as well as end-diastolic and end-systolic volumes did not appreciably differ, the posterior wall and particularly the interventricular septum both in diastole and systole were significantly thicker in(More)
OBJECTIVES This study evaluated the role of various clinical and echocardiographic parameters, including the left atrial appendage (LAA) anterograde flow velocity, for prediction of the long-term preservation of sinus rhythm (SR) in patients with successful cardioversion (CV) of nonvalvular atrial fibrillation (AF). BACKGROUND Echocardiographic parameters(More)
The effects of chronic intake of dietary alcohol on myocardial peroxidation (measured as formation of diene conjugates), reduced glutathione content, and morphology and the protective actions of different antioxidant compounds (vitamin E and (+)-cyanidanol-3) were studied in rats. Alcohol, comprising more than 30% of the dietary calorie content, was(More)
In patients with aortic stenosis and a normal coronary angiogram, a coronary flow reserve (CFR) is impaired. The aim of the present study was to examine the effect of aortic valve replacement (AVR) on the CFR after a long-term follow-up. Patients and Methods: 30 patients with aortic stenosis and a normal coronary angiogram were enrolled in the study. CFR(More)
The effects of chronic intake of dietary alcohol upon left ventricular function, activities of myocardial antioxidant enzymes, reduced glutathione (GSH) content and lipoperoxidation (measured as the formation of diene conjugates and lipid-soluble fluorescence) were studied in adult domestic Nicholas turkeys. The non-invasive evaluation of left ventricular(More)
Photodynamic diagnosis is a modern method for the fluorescence imaging of superficial pharyngeal and laryngeal tumours. 5-aminolevulinic acid (ALA)-induced protoporphyrin IX fluorescence benefits the tumour selective accumulation of protoporphyrin; therefore, tumours can be differentiated from healthy tissue. ALA-induced fluorescence of laryngo-pharyngeal(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE No information is available concerning the effects of anaesthetics in the most frequently used in vivo pro-arrhythmia model. Accordingly, in this study we examined the effect of pentobarbital, propofol or alpha-chloralose anaesthesia on the pro-arrhythmic activity of the class III anti-arrhythmic dofetilide in(More)
Recent developments in molecular genetics have allowed to identify mutations in seven genes coding the beta myosin heavy chain, troponin T, alpha tropomyosin, myosin binding protein C, essential and regulatory myosin light chains and troponin I causing hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. These mutations affect critical, evolutionary conserved nucleotides of these(More)