Mikko Pänkäälä

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In this paper, we present a Spiking Neural Network (SNN) architecture that incorporates Integrate-and-fire (IF) type neurons and floating-gate transistors (FGTs) to store the synaptic weights. Compactness of the network has been the major target throughout the design. We believe that a CrossNet architecture lends itself very well to satisfy this goal. The(More)
Analog to digital converters are used in extremely many applications to convert real world signals into digital words. The converter presented in this paper, is designed for a Cellular Nonlinear Network type system, where A/D converters are included in each cell to transform the gray scale value to be stored in a 6 bit SRAM memory bank. Because of this, the(More)
Both respiratory and cardiac motions reduce the quality and consistency of medical imaging specifically in nuclear medicine imaging. Motion artifacts can be eliminated by gating the image acquisition based on the respiratory phase and cardiac contractions throughout the medical imaging procedure. Electrocardiography (ECG), 3-axis accelerometer, and(More)
Heart rate variability (HRV), the variation in the beat-to-beat heart rate, is a key indicator of the cardiovascular condition of an individual. The purpose of this study was to cross-validate the beat-by-beat time variations in seismocardiography (SCG) with electrocardiography (ECG) for determining ultra-short term HRV indices. Twenty healthy young(More)
The pumping action of the heart is performed by contraction of the myocardium fibers. We present a non-invasive technique named gyrocardiography (GCG) that comprises a sensor of angular motion, gyroscope, configured to obtain three-dimensional angular velocity signals. A tri-axial micro electromechanical (MEMS) gyroscope sensor was attached to the surface(More)
The vibrations produced by the cardiovascular system that are coupled to the precordium can be noninvasively detected using accelerometers. This technique is called seismocardiography. Although clinical applications have been proposed for seismocardiography, the physiology underlying the signal is still not clear. The relationship of seismocardiograms of on(More)
In this paper we consider the detection of indications of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) through a smartphone only solution. AMI is a serious heart condition where a blood vessel of the heart is fully or partially blocked e.g. by a rupture of an atherosclerotic plaque, the arrival of oxygen to the heart muscle is disturbed, and part of the heart muscle(More)