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We report the oxygen K-edge spectra of ices Ih, VI, VII, and VIII measured with X-ray Raman scattering. The pre-edge and main-edge contributions increase strongly with density, even though the hydrogen bond arrangements are very similar in these phases. While the near-edge spectral features in water and ice have often been linked to hydrogen bonding, we(More)
A theory for calculating the momentum distribution of annihilating positron-electron pairs in solids is presented. To test the theory, momentum distributions are measured by the Doppler broadening of the annihilation radiation for several bulk metals and semiconductors, as well as for semiconductor alloys and for positrons trapped at vacancies in(More)
The properties of linear alcohols in the liquid phase are studied by molecular dynamics simulations. We analyze the effects of the use of bond length constraints on the simulation density, self-diffusion constant, and hydrogen-bonding characteristics of the alcohol series. We find that the densities are well-reproduced in each of the cases but that the(More)
A method describing the calculation of the momentum density of annihilating electron-positron pairs in solids has been developed. One-electron states, which are not perturbed by the positron, are used. The effects due to the enhancement of the electron density near the positron are taken into account by a factor depending on the electron state in the(More)
The temperature-dependent hydrogen-bond geometry in liquid water is studied by x-ray Compton scattering using synchrotron radiation combined with density functional theory analysis. Systematic changes, related to the weakening of hydrogen bonding, are observed in the shape of the Compton profile upon increasing the temperature. Using model calculations and(More)
Hydration of sulfuric acid plays a key role in new-particle formation in the atmosphere. It has been recently proposed that proton dynamics is crucial in the stabilization of these clusters. One key question is how water molecules mediate proton transfer from sulfuric acid, and hence how the deprotonation state of the acid molecule behaves as a function(More)
ERKALE is a novel software program for computing X-ray properties, such as ground-state electron momentum densities, Compton profiles, and core and valence electron excitation spectra of atoms and molecules. The program operates at Hartree-Fock or density-functional level of theory and supports Gaussian basis sets of arbitrary angular momentum and a wide(More)
Packed column supercritical fluid chromatography (SFC) in combination with atmospheric pressure chemical ionisation mass spectrometry was applied to the analysis of androstenone in pig fat samples. Liquefied fat samples were dissolved in dichloromethane and analysed directly by SFC without any sample purification. Chromatographic separation was achieved(More)
We report on the microscopic structure of water at sub- and supercritical conditions studied using X-ray Raman spectroscopy, ab initio molecular dynamics simulations, and density functional theory. Systematic changes in the X-ray Raman spectra with increasing pressure and temperature are observed. Throughout the studied thermodynamic range, the experimental(More)