Mikko Hakala

Learn More
Packed column supercritical fluid chromatography (SFC) in combination with atmospheric pressure chemical ionisation mass spectrometry was applied to the analysis of androstenone in pig fat samples. Liquefied fat samples were dissolved in dichloromethane and analysed directly by SFC without any sample purification. Chromatographic separation was achieved(More)
We report the oxygen K-edge spectra of ices Ih, VI, VII, and VIII measured with X-ray Raman scattering. The pre-edge and main-edge contributions increase strongly with density, even though the hydrogen bond arrangements are very similar in these phases. While the near-edge spectral features in water and ice have often been linked to hydrogen bonding, we(More)
Atomistic simulations of the chemistry of thiol-gold-systems have been restricted by the lack of interatomic interaction models for the involved elements. The ReaxFF framework already has potentials for hydrocarbons, making it an attractive basis for extending to the complete AuSCH-system. Here, an interatomic potential for gold, based on the ReaxFF(More)
A theory for calculating the momentum distribution of annihilating positron-electron pairs in solids is presented. To test the theory, momentum distributions are measured by the Doppler broadening of the annihilation radiation for several bulk metals and semiconductors, as well as for semiconductor alloys and for positrons trapped at vacancies in(More)
We report a study on the hydrogen-bond network of water in aqueous LiCl solutions using X-ray Raman scattering (XRS) spectroscopy. A wide concentration range of 0-17 mol/kg was covered. We find that the XRS spectral features change systematically at low concentrations and saturate at 11 mol/kg. This behavior suggests a gradual destruction in the(More)
The properties of linear alcohols in the liquid phase are studied by molecular dynamics simulations. We analyze the effects of the use of bond length constraints on the simulation density, self-diffusion constant, and hydrogen-bonding characteristics of the alcohol series. We find that the densities are well-reproduced in each of the cases but that the(More)
We report on the microscopic structure of water at sub- and supercritical conditions studied using X-ray Raman spectroscopy, ab initio molecular dynamics simulations, and density functional theory. Systematic changes in the X-ray Raman spectra with increasing pressure and temperature are observed. Throughout the studied thermodynamic range, the experimental(More)
A method describing the calculation of the momentum density of annihilating electron-positron pairs in solids has been developed. One-electron states, which are not perturbed by the positron, are used. The effects due to the enhancement of the electron density near the positron are taken into account by a factor depending on the electron state in the(More)
The temperature-dependent hydrogen-bond geometry in liquid water is studied by x-ray Compton scattering using synchrotron radiation combined with density functional theory analysis. Systematic changes, related to the weakening of hydrogen bonding, are observed in the shape of the Compton profile upon increasing the temperature. Using model calculations and(More)