Mikko Hölttä

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BACKGROUND Alzheimer's disease biomarkers are important for early diagnosis in routine clinical practice and research. Three core CSF biomarkers for the diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease (Aβ42, T-tau, and P-tau) have been assessed in numerous studies, and several other Alzheimer's disease markers are emerging in the literature. However, there have been no(More)
The current study evaluated amyloid-β oligomers (Aβo) in cerebrospinal fluid as a clinical biomarker for Alzheimer's disease (AD). We developed a highly sensitive Aβo ELISA using the same N-terminal monoclonal antibody (82E1) for capture and detection. CSF samples from patients with AD, mild cognitive impairment (MCI), and healthy controls were examined.(More)
The Chinese hamster ovary cell line 7PA2, stably transfected with the 751 amino acid isoform of amyloid-β protein precursor (AβPP) containing the Val → Phe mutation at residue 717, is one of the most used models to study the biochemistry and toxicity of secreted amyloid-β (Aβ) peptides, particularly Aβ oligomers, which are considered to be of relevance to(More)
The current study evaluated amyloid-b oligomers (Abo) in cerebrospinal fluid as a clinical biomarker for Alzheimer’s disease (AD). We developed a highly sensitive Abo ELISA using the same N-terminal monoclonal antibody (82E1) for capture and detection. CSF samples from patients with AD, mild cognitive impairment (MCI), and healthy controls were examined.(More)
Down’s syndrome (DS) patients develop early Alzheimer’s disease pathology with abundant cortical amyloid plaques, likely due to overproduction of the amyloid precursor protein (APP), which subsequently leads to amyloid β (Aβ) aggregation. This is reflected in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) levels of the 42-amino acid long Aβ peptide (Aβ1-42), which are increased(More)
BACKGROUND Although genetic and biochemical studies have suggested a cardinal role for β-amyloid (Aβ) in Alzheimer's disease, the underlying mechanism(s) of how Aβ induces neurodegeneration is still unclear. Our objective was to investigate the consequences of Aβ, especially on tau phosphorylation at specific epitopes important for Alzheimer's disease. (More)
We report on the analysis of endogenous peptides in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) by mass spectrometry. A method was developed for preparation of peptide extracts from CSF. Analysis of the extracts by offline LC-MALDI MS resulted in the detection of 3,000-4,000 peptide-like features. Out of these, 730 peptides were identified by MS/MS. The majority of these(More)
Many disease processes in the brain are reflected in the protein composition of the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). In addition to proteins, CSF also contains a large number of endogenous peptides whose potential as disease biomarkers largely remains to be explored. We have developed a novel workflow in which multiplex isobaric labeling is used for simultaneous(More)
In Alzheimer’s disease, beta-amyloid peptides in the brain aggregate into toxic oligomers and plaques, a process which is associated with neuronal degeneration, memory loss, and cognitive decline. One therapeutic strategy is to decrease the production of potentially toxic beta-amyloid species by the use of inhibitors or modulators of the enzymes that(More)
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