Mikko A I Keränen

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BACKGROUND Lymphatic network and chemokine-mediated signals are essential for leukocyte traffic during the proximal steps of alloimmune response. We aimed to determine the role of lymphatic vessels and their principal growth signaling pathway, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-C/D/VEGFR-3, during acute and chronic rejection in cardiac allografts. (More)
OBJECTIVE Chronic rejection is the main reason for the poor long-term survival of heart transplant recipients and is characterized by cardiac allograft inflammation, fibrosis, and arteriosclerosis. We examined the specific roles of different platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) ligands (A-D)--potent mesenchymal cell mitogens--in rat cardiac allografts. (More)
BACKGROUND Ischemia/reperfusion injury may have deleterious short- and long-term consequences for cardiac allografts. The underlying mechanisms involve microvascular dysfunction that may culminate in primary graft failure or untreatable chronic rejection. METHODS AND RESULTS Here, we report that rat cardiac allograft ischemia/reperfusion injury resulted(More)
Angiopoietin-1 (Ang1) and Ang2 regulate the maintenance of normal vasculature by direct endothelial and indirect smooth muscle cell (SMC) effects. Dysfunction of vascular wall cells is considered central in cardiac allograft vasculopathy (CAV), where inflammation and arterial injury initiate subsequent intimal SMC proliferation. In this study, we(More)
BACKGROUND Obliterative bronchiolitis after lung transplantation is characterized by airway inflammation leading to obliteration of small airways. Statins are known to have lipid-independent immunomodulatory properties. We investigated the effect of simvastatin treatment on innate and adaptive immune responses and the development of obliterative airway(More)
Transplant ischemia-reperfusion injury (Tx-IRI) and allograft dysfunction remain as two of the major clinical challenges after heart transplantation. We investigated the role of angiopoietin-2 (Ang2) in Tx-IRI and rejection using fully MHC-mismatched rat cardiac allografts. We report that plasma levels of Ang2 were significantly enhanced in the human and(More)
BACKGROUND Preservation injury decreases patient survival and promotes the development of cardiac allograft vasculopathy. We investigated the sequential effects of hypothermic preservation on ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI), subsequent innate immune activation, and adaptive immune response in rat cardiac allografts. METHODS Allografts were transplanted(More)
OBJECTIVE Interplay between inflammation and angiogenesis is important in pathological reparative processes such as arteriosclerosis. We investigated how the two vascular endothelial growth factor receptors VEGFR-1 and -2 regulate these events in chronically rejecting cardiac allografts. METHODS AND RESULTS Chronic rejection in mouse cardiac allografts(More)
Organ damage and innate immunity during heart transplantation may evoke adaptive immunity with serious consequences. Because lymphatic vessels bridge innate and adaptive immunity, they are critical in immune surveillance; however, their role in ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI) in allotransplantation remains unknown. We investigated whether the(More)
Ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI) after kidney transplantation may result in delayed graft function. We used rat renal artery clamping and transplantation models to investigate cholesterol-independent effects of clinically relevant single-dose peroral simvastatin treatment 2 h before renal ischemia on microvascular injury. The expression of HMG-CoA(More)