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This paper proposes a method for incrementally understanding user utterances whose semantic boundaries are not known and responding in real time even before boundaries are determined. It is an integrated parsing and discourse processing method that updates the partial result of understanding word by word, enabling responses based on the partial result. This(More)
This paper describes new feature parameters for detecting misunderstandings in a spoken dialogue system. Although recognition errors cannot be completely avoided with current speech recognition techniques, a spoken dialogue system could be a good human-machine interface if it could automatically detect and recover from its own misunderstandings during(More)
When designing a spoken dialogue system, in particular a real-time one, not only what the system responds but also when it responds need to be considered. This paper focuses on when the system should appropriately respond with backchannels, and reports an experiment that compared two response-time conditions: the immediate response and the orderly response.(More)
— This paper presents a robot audition system that recognizes simultaneous speech in the real world by using robot-embedded microphones. We have previously reported Missing Feature Theory (MFT) based integration of Sound Source Separation (SSS) and Automatic Speech Recognition (ASR) for building robust robot audition. We demonstrated that a MFT-based(More)
This paper proposes a method for the confidence scoring of intention recognition results in spoken dialogue systems. To achieve tasks, a spoken dialogue system has to recognize user intentions. However, because of speech recognition errors and ambiguity in user utterances, it sometimes has difficulty recognizing them correctly. Confidence scoring allows(More)
This paper presents a method for deciding the timing of turn-taking in spoken dialogue systems. This method uses a decision tree learned from the corpus of dialogues between human users and systems in which desirable turn-taking behaviors are annotated by hand. It utilizes a variety of attributes, such as recognition and understanding results and prosodic(More)
This paper concerns the discourse understanding process in spoken dialogue systems. This process enables the system to understand user utterances based on the context of a dialogue. Since multiple candidates for the understanding result can be obtained for a user utterance due to the ambiguity of speech understanding, it is not appropriate to decide on a(More)
We describe artificial subtle expressions (ASEs) as intuitive notification methodology for artifacts' internal states for users. We prepared two types of audio ASEs; one was a flat artificial sound (flat ASE), and the other was a sound that decreased in pitch (decreasing ASE). These two ASEs were played after a robot made a suggestion to the users.(More)
Speech overlaps, undesired collisions of utterances between systems and users, harm smooth communication and degrade the usability of systems. We propose a method to enable smooth speech interactions between a user and a robot, which enables subtle expressions by the robot in the form of a blinking LED attached to its chest. In concrete terms, we show that,(More)