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Alcohol dehydrogenase (Adh) is the key enzyme in alcohol fermentation. We analyzed Adh expression in order to clarify the role of Adh of soybeans (Glycine max) to flooding stress. Proteome analysis confirmed that expression of Adh is significantly upregulated in 4-day-old soybean seedlings subjected to 2 days of flooding. Southern hybridization analysis and(More)
The “RNA world” hypothesis proposes that—early in the evolution of life—RNA molecules played important roles both in information storage and in enzymatic functions. However, this hypothesis seems to be inconsistent with the concept that life may have emerged under hydrothermal conditions since RNA molecules are considered to be labile under such extreme(More)
Residual insertion sequence elements (IS elements) in Escherichia coli strains that are commonly used for DNA cloning are known to cause cloning artifacts by transposing themselves into the recombinant DNA fragments. In such cases, chance insertion of IS elements may occur at integration sites in the cloning targets, which in the case of the IS10 element is(More)
Satellite DNA sequences are known to be highly variable and to have been subjected to concerted evolution that homogenizes member sequences within species. We have analyzed the mode of evolution of satellite DNA sequences in four fishes from the genus Diplodus by calculating the nucleotide frequency of the sequence array and the phylogenetic distances(More)
It is known that the projective tensor product X ˆ ⊗ π Y and the injective tensor product X ˇ ⊗ ε Y of Banach lattices X and Y may not be Banach lattices, while the Fremlin projective tensor product X ˆ ⊗ |π| Y and the Wittstock injective tensor product X ˇ ⊗ |ε| Y of Banach lattices X and Y are always Banach lattices. In this talk, we will discuss under(More)
The effects of ionizing radiation on bacteria are generally evaluated from the dose-dependent survival ratio, which is determined by colony-forming ability and mutation rate. The mutagenic damage to cellular DNA induced by radiation has been extensively investigated; however, the effects of irradiation on the cellular machinery in situ remain unclear. In(More)
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