Mikio Katayama

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Muscarinic acetylcholine receptor (mAChR) subtype (m1-m4)-specific cDNAs were transfected into NL308 neuroblastoma-fibroblast hybrid cells and clones expressing each of the individual mAChR subtypes m1, m2, m3 and m4 obtained. Acetylcholine increased phosphoinositide (PI) turnover in m1- and m3-transformed cells, but did not produce detectable changes in(More)
Calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) and substance P (SP) are released from sensory nerves upon exposure to irritating stimuli. Neutral endopeptidase (NEP), a membrane-bound peptidase, cleaves many peptides including SP, thereby limiting their biological actions. Recombinant NEP cleaved CGRP1 approximately 88-fold less rapidly than it cleaved SP. The slow(More)
Obesity is the principal symptom of metabolic syndrome, which refers to a group of risk factors that increase the likelihood of atherosclerosis. In recent decades there has been a sharp rise in the incidence of obesity throughout the developed world. Iso-α-acids, the bitter compounds derived from hops in beer, have been shown to prevent diet-induced obesity(More)
This study was designed to evaluate the role of neutral endopeptidase (NEP) in modulating the airway smooth muscle contraction induced by endothelin-1 in isolated segments of guinea-pig trachea. Endothelin-1 (10(-9)-10(-6) M) produced a concentration-dependent contraction that reached a maximum by 30 min. The NEP inhibitor leucine-thiorphan (10(-5) M)(More)
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