Mikio Katayama

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Muscarinic acetylcholine receptor (mAChR) subtype (m1-m4)-specific cDNAs were transfected into NL308 neuroblastoma-fibroblast hybrid cells and clones expressing each of the individual mAChR subtypes m1, m2, m3 and m4 obtained. Acetylcholine increased phosphoinositide (PI) turnover in m1- and m3-transformed cells, but did not produce detectable changes in(More)
Calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) and substance P (SP) are released from sensory nerves upon exposure to irritating stimuli. Neutral endopeptidase (NEP), a membrane-bound peptidase, cleaves many peptides including SP, thereby limiting their biological actions. Recombinant NEP cleaved CGRP1 approximately 88-fold less rapidly than it cleaved SP. The slow(More)
This study was designed to evaluate the role of neutral endopeptidase (NEP) in modulating the airway smooth muscle contraction induced by endothelin-1 in isolated segments of guinea-pig trachea. Endothelin-1 (10(-9)-10(-6) M) produced a concentration-dependent contraction that reached a maximum by 30 min. The NEP inhibitor leucine-thiorphan (10(-5) M)(More)
Obesity is the principal symptom of metabolic syndrome, which refers to a group of risk factors that increase the likelihood of atherosclerosis. In recent decades there has been a sharp rise in the incidence of obesity throughout the developed world. Iso-α-acids, the bitter compounds derived from hops in beer, have been shown to prevent diet-induced obesity(More)
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