Mikio Katayama

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Modulatory effects of beer consumption on azoxymethane (AOM)-induced rat colonic carcinogenesis in male Fischer 344 rats were investigated. Single cell gel electrophoresis assay indicated that DNA damage of colonocytes, induced by a single AOM injection (15 mg/kg body weight), was significantly reduced in rats fed beer or malt extract for 2 weeks.(More)
We previously reported that annexin 5 is found specifically in gonadotropes and that the expression is dramatically enhanced after ovariectomy. In the present study, the expression of annexin 5 was examined in the primary culture of rat anterior pituitary cells using semiquantitative RT-PCR to determine if it is under the direct control of(More)
Transient receptor potential ankyrin 1 (TRPA1) is a calcium-permeable non-selective cation channel that is activated by various noxious or irritant substances in nature, including spicy compounds. Many TRPA1 chemical activators have been reported; however, only limited information is available regarding the amino acid residues that contribute to the(More)
The bitter acids in hops (Humulus lupulus L.) and beer, such as α-, β-, and iso-α-acids, are known to affect beer quality and display various physiological effects. However, these compounds readily oxidize, and the effect of the oxides on the properties of beer or their potential health benefits are not well understood. In this study, we developed a simple(More)
Obesity is the principal symptom of metabolic syndrome, which refers to a group of risk factors that increase the likelihood of atherosclerosis. In recent decades there has been a sharp rise in the incidence of obesity throughout the developed world. Iso-α-acids, the bitter compounds derived from hops in beer, have been shown to prevent diet-induced obesity(More)
BACKGROUND Hops are the main components of beer that provide flavor and bitterness. Iso-α-acids, the bitter components of beer, have been reported to reduce body fat in humans, but the bitterness induced by effective doses of iso-α-acids precludes their acceptance as a nutrient. The matured hop bitter acids (MHBA) of oxidized hops appear to have a more(More)
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