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A small GTPase, Arf6, is involved in cytokinesis by localizing to the Flemming body (the midbody). However, it remains unknown how Arf6 contributes to cytokinesis. Here, we demonstrate that Arf6 directly interacts with mitotic kinesin-like protein 1 (MKLP1), a Flemming body-localizing protein essential for cytokinesis. The crystal structure of the(More)
Although the membrane fusion of spermatozoon and egg cells is the central event of fertilization, the underlying molecular mechanism remains virtually unknown. Gene disruption studies have showed that IZUMO1 on spermatozoon and CD9 on oocyte are essential transmembrane proteins in sperm-egg fusion. In this study, we dissected IZUMO1 protein to determine the(More)
The phagocyte NADPH oxidase is a multisubunit enzyme responsible for the generation of superoxide anions (O(2).) that kill invading microorganisms. p47(phox) is a cytosolic subunit of the phagocyte NADPH oxidase, which plays a crucial role in the assembly of the activated NADPH oxidase complex. The molecular shapes of the p47(phox) tandem SH3 domains either(More)
To elucidate the structure of denatured proteins, we measured the vacuum-ultraviolet circular dichroism (VUVCD) spectra from 260 to 172 nm of three proteins (metmyoglobin, staphylococcal nuclease, and thioredoxin) in the native and the acid-, cold-, and heat-denatured states, using a synchrotron-radiation VUVCD spectrophotometer. The circular dichroism(More)
The oligomeric states of bovine visual arrestin in solution were studied by small-angle x-ray scattering. The Guinier plot of arrestin at the concentration ranging from 0.4 mg/ml to 11.1 mg/ml was approximated with a straight line, and the apparent molecular weight was evaluated by the concentration-normalized intensity at zero angle (I(0)/conc). Using(More)
To understand how signaling proteins function, it is crucial to know the time-ordered sequence of events that lead to the signaling state. We recently developed on the BioCARS 14-IDB beamline at the Advanced Photon Source the infrastructure required to characterize structural changes in protein crystals with near-atomic spatial resolution and 150-ps time(More)
In vivo measurements of dynamical conformational changes in single biomolecules under functional conditions have had a tremendous impact on molecular and cell biology. However, even single-molecule fluorescent resonance energy transfer cannot easily monitor the intramolecular dynamics in cell systems due to shortcomings in monitoring precision. Here, we(More)
In order to examine the properties specific to the folded protein, the effect of the conformational states on protein dynamical transition was studied by incoherent elastic neutron scattering for both wild type and a deletion mutant of staphylococcal nuclease. The deletion mutant of SNase which lacks C-terminal 13 residues takes a compact denatured(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic asthma is often associated with neutrophilic infiltration in the airways. Neutrophils contain elastase, a potent secretagogue in the airways, nonetheless the role for neutrophil elastase as well as neutrophilic inflammation in allergen-induced airway responses is not well defined. In this study, we have investigated the impact of(More)
AIMS Fudosteine is a cysteine derivative that is used as an expectorant in chronic bronchial inflammatory disorders. It has been shown to decrease the number of goblet cells in an animal model. This study examined the effects of fudosteine on airway inflammation and remodeling in a murine model of chronic asthma. MAIN METHODS BALB/c mice were sensitized(More)