Mikio Hirano

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In this paper, we describe some features of remote memory in a single-case, Y.K., with amnesic syndrome. His ability to access remote memory was investigated through a variety of tests and then analyzed in terms of specific aspects of remote memory, i.e., public events, personal semantic memory, and specific personal episodes. Although Y.K. showed(More)
Although an association between high blood pressure and cognitive decline has been reported, no studies have investigated the association between home blood pressure and cognitive decline. Home blood pressure measurements can also provide day-to-day blood pressure variability calculated as the within-participant SD. The objectives of this prospective study(More)
Case Y.K. has severe anterograde amnesia and a selective loss of specific personal episodes in his remote memories (Hirano & Noguchi, 1998). In this paper, we attempted to analyze remembering (R) and knowing (K) responses, that is, the relationship between autobiographical remembering and remembering accompanied by subjective experience. Although the rate(More)
Several studies have suggested there is a developmental link between executive functions and theory of mind. However, the developmental order driving the relationship is not well understood. The main reason is that the development of executive function parallels the development of theory of mind in normally developing children. In this paper, a case (H.Y.)(More)
The individual described herein (Y.K.) is a pure amnesic patient with severe anterograde amnesia and a selective loss of specific personal episodes in his remote memories. In this study, we examined whether more concrete cues could elicit specificity in his autobiographical memory. It was found that the richness of his autobiographical memory under the(More)
Numerous studies have been conducted on memory aids for memory-impaired people. However, it is not known how they use these memory aids in a functional, practical way. A 20-year-old patient (MH) was monitored for five years to identify what memory aids or other means she used and how she used them to compensate for her memory problems, e.g., forgetting what(More)
We assessed whether subitem scores on the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) associated independently with cerebral white matter hyperintensity (WMH) and lacunar infarction (LI). Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and neuropsychological evaluation (MMSE) were performed in 1008 elderly individuals from the Ohasama Study (348 men, 660 women [65.5%]; age 68.0(More)
OBJECTIVE We aimed to determine the associations between silent cerebrovascular lesions, characterized by lacunar infarcts and white matter hyperintensity, and future decline in higher level functional capacity in older community-dwelling adults. MATERIALS AND METHODS For this observational study, we selected individuals from the general population of(More)
Autobiographical memories of one case (Y.K.) were assessed before and after onset of hippocampal amnesia. He was a 56-yr.-old male patient who used to work in an office. The findings can be described as follows. First, Y.K.'s recognition performance regarding his premorbid and postmorbid personal semantics along with premorbid autobiographical incidents was(More)
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