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We describe herein a patient who presented with immunoglobulin G4-related disease (IgG4-RD) involving the testis and prostate as well as the submandibular glands. Massive infiltration of IgG4-expressing plasma cells was observed in testis and prostate tissues. Serum concentrations of B cell activating factor belonging to the tumor necrosis factor family(More)
The microbial community composition of a down-flow hanging sponge (DHS) reactor in an up-flow anaerobic sludge blanket (UASB)-DHS system used for the treatment of municipal sewage was investigated. The clone libraries showed marked differences in microbial community composition at different reactor heights and in different seasons. The dominant phylotypes(More)
Abstract Purpose. Intravesical instillation of epirubicin (EPI) is one of the most effective adjuvant therapies for non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer after transurethral resection. We evaluated the optimal duration of EPI instillation in a multi-institution prospective randomized clinical study. Methods. Between June 1995 and May 1998, a total of 125(More)
Intermittent administration of parathyroid hormone (PTH) has a potent anabolic effect on bone in humans and animals. Calcium-sensing receptor (CaSR) antagonists stimulate endogenous PTH secretion through CaSR on the surface of parathyroid cells and thereby may be anabolic agents for osteoporosis. JTT-305 is a potent oral short-acting CaSR antagonist and(More)
OBJECTIVES To report our experience with bacille Calmette-Guérin (BCG) perfusion therapy for transitional cell carcinoma in situ of the upper urinary tract. BCG perfusion therapy is widely used to treat transitional cell carcinoma in situ of the upper urinary tract. However, it has not yet been established as a standard treatment. METHODS Ten patients(More)
OBJECTIVE To present our experience of cavernous nerve graft reconstruction, using an autologous nerve vein-guide technique, to restore potency. PATIENTS AND METHODS Prostate cancers frequently require radical resection involving one or both cavernous nerves that usually results in erectile dysfunction; nerve grafting has been used to restore erectile(More)
The effect of monosodium[2-(6-hydroxynaphthalen-2-yl)-6-methylpyrimidin-4-yloxy]acetate dihydrate (JTV-926) on fibrinolysis was investigated in vitro and in vivo. JTV-926 released tissue-type plasminogen activator (t-PA) from human vascular endothelial cells in a dose-dependent manner. The thrombolytic effect of JTV-926 was studied using three animal(More)
To understand the significance of negative charges in the extracellular loops of the inwardly rectifying K+ (Kir2.1) channel, single-point mutants (D112N, D114N, E125Q, D152E, D152K, D152N, E153D, E153K, and E153Q) and double-point mutants (D112N/D114N and D152N/E153Q) were constructed and transfected into COS-1 and HEK293 cells. All single-point mutants,(More)
Potassium channels play a vital role in maintaining the membrane potential and the driving force for anion secretion in epithelia. In pancreatic ducts, which secrete bicarbonate-rich fluid, the identity of K(+) channels has not been extensively investigated. In this study, we investigated the molecular basis of functional K(+) channels in rodent and human(More)
Potassium channels regulate excitability, epithelial ion transport, proliferation, and apoptosis. In pancreatic ducts, K(+) channels hyperpolarize the membrane potential and provide the driving force for anion secretion. This review focuses on the molecular candidates of functional K(+) channels in pancreatic duct cells, including KCNN4 (KCa 3.1), KCNMA1(More)