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The closure of skin wounds is essential for resistance against microbial pathogens, and keratinocyte migration is an important step in skin wound healing. Cathelicidin hCAP18/LL-37 is an innate antimicrobial peptide that is expressed in the skin and acts to eliminate microbial pathogens. Because hCAP18/LL-37 is up-regulated at skin wound sites, we(More)
Eccrine sweat is secreted onto the skin's surface and is not harmful to normal skin, but can exacerbate eczematous lesions in atopic dermatitis. Although eccrine sweat contains a number of minerals, proteins, and proteolytic enzymes, how it causes skin inflammation is not clear. We hypothesized that it stimulates keratinocytes directly, as a danger signal.(More)
"Pustulosis palmaris et plantaris", or palmoplantar pustulosis (PPP), is a chronic pustular dermatitis characterized by intraepidermal palmoplantar pustules. Although early stage vesicles (preceding the pustular phase) formed in the acrosyringium contain the antimicrobial peptides cathelicidin (hCAP-18/LL-37) and dermcidin, the details of hCAP-18/LL-37(More)
A 41-year-old Japanese woman was admitted to the emergency department of our hospital due to a seizure. She had been diagnosed with pyoderma gangrenosum 11 years ago without bone marrow disease, rheumatoid arthritis, or inflammatory bowel disease. Pyoderma with painful ulcers had repeatedly appeared on the arms, legs, face, and pubic arch despite treatment(More)
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