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Increased heat tolerance is most often associated with the synthesis of heat-shock proteins following pre-exposure to a nonlethal heat treatment. In this study, a bromegrass (Bromus inermis Leyss cv Manchar) cell suspension cultured in a medium containing 75 microM abscisic acid (ABA) without prior heat treatment had a 87% survival rate, as determined by(More)
Cold hardiness of leaf blades, leaf sheaths, culms, rhizomes, and leaf buds in wintering Sasa senanensis (Fr. et Sav.) Rehder, a dwarf bamboo, was studied paying special attention to the types of resistance mechanisms which were determined with differential thermal analysis. Coincidence of LT(25) (lethal temperature at which 25% of the tissues are injured)(More)
Nur-related 1 (Nurr1) and nerve growth factor inducible-B (NGFI-B) constitute closely related subgroups of the nuclear receptor superfamily. One to three hours after 4 mg/kg acute methamphetamine (METH) administration, the levels of Nurr1 mRNA were significantly higher in the prelimbic (PrL), primary motor (M1) and primary somatosensory (S1) cortices and(More)
Bromus inermis Leyss cell cultures treated with 75 micromolar abscisic acid (ABA) at both 23 and 3 degrees C developed more freezing resistance than cells cultured at 3 degrees C. Protein synthesis in cells induced to become freezing tolerant by ABA and low temperature was monitored by [(14)C]leucine incorporation. Protein synthesis continued at 3 degrees(More)
Activity-regulated cytoskeleton-associated protein (arc) is an immediate early gene (IEG) whose mRNA is targeted to dendrites of activated synapses. The present study investigated the expression of three IEGs, arc and two transcription factors (NGFI-B and Nurr 1), in regions of the brain of rats that were subjected to a single afterdischarge-inducing(More)
Cellular and extracellular protein profiles from Bromus inermis Leyss. cv Manchar cell suspension cultures cold hardened by low temperature and abscisic acid (ABA) treatment were analyzed by one- and two-dimensional sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. Cellular proteins (25, 165, 190, and 200 kilodaltons) increased by low temperature(More)
Wintering flower buds of cold hardy Rhododendron japonicum cooled slowly to subfreezing temperatures are known to undergo extraorgan freezing, whose mechanisms remain obscure. We revisited this material to demonstrate why bud scales freeze first in spite of their lower water content, why florets remain deeply supercooled and how seasonal adaptive responses(More)
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