Mikihiro Yamamoto

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As a first step towards development of insect resistant rice we have introduced a truncated δ-endotoxin gene, cryIA(b) of Bacillus thuringiensis (B.t.) which has specific biological activity against lepidopteran insects into a japonica rice. To highly express the cryIA(b) gene in rice the coding sequence was extensively modified based on the codon usage of(More)
The filamentous fungus Alternaria alternata contains seven pathogenic variants (pathotypes), which produce host-specific toxins and cause diseases on different plants. Previously, the gene cluster involved in host-specific AK-toxin biosynthesis of the Japanese pear pathotype was isolated, and four genes, named AKT genes, were identified. The AKT homologs(More)
Host-selective toxins (HSTs) produced by fungal plant pathogens are generally low-molecular-weight secondary metabolites with a diverse range of structures that function as effectors controlling pathogenicity or virulence in certain plant-pathogen interactions. There are now seven known diseases caused by Alternaria alternata in which HSTs are responsible(More)
We transformed Colletotrichum trifolii, the causal agent of alfalfa anthracnose, using Agrobacterium tumefaciens as a new tool for random insertional mutagenesis. Fungal spores of C. trifolii were transformed with T-DNA including the hygromycin phosphotransferase gene (hph). Southern analysis showed that every randomly selected transformant had a unique(More)
The apple pathotype of Alternaria alternata produces host-specific AM-toxin and causes Alternaria blotch of apple. Previously, we cloned two genes, AMT1 and AMT2, required for AM-toxin biosynthesis and found that these genes are encoded by small, supernumerary chromosomes of <1.8 Mb in the apple pathotype strains. Here, we performed expressed sequence tag(More)
The apple pathotype of Alternaria alternata produces the cyclic depsipeptide AM-toxin and causes Alternaria blotch of apple. Previously, we cloned AMT2 from the apple pathotype as an orthologue of AFTS1, which is required for biosynthesis of the decatrienoic acid ester AF-toxin I of the strawberry pathotype. These genes were predicted to encode aldo-keto(More)
The strawberry pathotype of Alternaria alternata produces host-specific AF-toxin and causes Alternaria black spot of strawberry. Previously, we isolated cosmid clones pcAFT-1 and pcAFT-2 from strain NAF8 of the strawberry pathotype that contain AF-toxin biosynthetic genes, named AFT genes. In a molecular characterization here of pcAFT-1 and pcAFT-2, 11 AFT(More)
Seven diseases caused by pathotypes of Alternaria alternata, which produced host-selective toxins (HSTs), a diverse group of low-molecular-weight secondary metabolites, are known, and each HST has an essential role as a determinant of pathogenicity in all interactions between the plant host and A. alternata. Although these HST-producing pathotypes are(More)
ABSTRACT The tangerine pathotype of Alternaria alternata produces host-selective ACT-toxin and causes Alternaria brown spot disease of tangerines and tangerine hybrids. Sequence analysis of a genomic BAC clone identified a previously uncharacterized portion of the ACT-toxin biosynthesis gene cluster (ACTT). A 1,034-bp gene encoding a putative(More)
The strawberry pathotype of Alternaria alternata produces the host-specific AF-toxin and causes black spot of strawberry. The genes in the toxin gene cluster are currently being identified and characterized. In this study, a genomic cosmid clone, pcAFT-2, was structurally characterized. This cosmid contains AFT homologs, which were found to be involved in(More)