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The blood-brain barrier (BBB) is a highly organized multicellular complex consisting of an endothelium, brain pericytes and astrocytes. The present study was aimed at evaluating the role of brain pericytes in the induction and maintenance of BBB functions and involvement of transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) in the functional properties of(More)
The present study was undertaken to confirm that L-type Ca(2+) channels are involved in Ca(2+) entry into osteoblastic MC3T3-E1 cells and to examine the effect of SnCl2, a Ca(2+)]-channel activator, on the intracellular Ca(2+)concentration ([Ca(2+)]i). High K(+)concentration-dependently raised the [Ca(2+)]i. All of the L-type Ca(2+)channel blockers used(More)
Hypoxia and post-hypoxic reoxygenation induces disruption of the blood-brain barrier (BBB). Alterations of the BBB function after hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R) injury remain unclear. Cyclosporin A (CsA), a potent immunosuppressant, induces neurotoxic effects by entering the brain, although the transport of CsA across the BBB is restricted by P-glycoprotein(More)
: 1. The present study was designed to clarify whether brain pericytes and pericyte-derived transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-beta1) participate in cyclosporin A (CsA)-induced dysfunction of the blood-brain barrier (BBB).2. The presence of brain pericytes markedly aggravated CsA-increased permeability of MBEC4 cells to sodium fluorescein and(More)
A clinically relevant model of transient global brain ischemia involving cardiac arrest followed by resuscitation in dogs was utilized to study the expression and proteolytic processing of apoptosis-regulatory proteins. In the hippocampus, an increase in pro-apoptotic Bcl-2 family proteins Bcl-XS and Bak was detected, concomitant with proteolysis of Bcl-XL(More)
Development of the ear, especially the middle ear, was studied histologically in ddN and CF mice. Primordia of the 3 ossicles and the otic capsule appeared on day 12 of pregnancy. The stapedial primordium was observed as a mass of mesenchymal cells lateral to the primordium of the otic capsule, attaching to the medial part of the facial nerve. On day 13,(More)
1. The present study was aimed at elucidating effects of transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) on blood-brain barrier (BBB) functions with mouse brain capillary endothelial (MBEC4) cells. 2. The permeability coefficients of sodium fluorescein and Evans blue albumin for MBEC4 cells and the cellular accumulation of rhodamine 123 in MBEC4 cells were(More)
1. A clinical trial of quinacrine in patients with Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease is now in progress. The permeability of drugs through the blood-brain barrier (BBB) is a determinant of their therapeutic efficacy for prion diseases. The mechanism of quinacrine transport across the BBB was investigated using mouse brain endothelial cells (MBEC4). 2. The(More)
Excellent quality of MR cisternography was acquired using "long echo train length fast spin echo sequence" (TR/TE = 2666/200, ETL = 24, 6 or 8 NEX, 3 mm thickness, 0 mm interslice gap, 19 cm FOV, 512 * 384, 2 DFT method). The inner ear anatomy such as canaliculus cochleae or lamina spiralis ossea were well visualized. The VII, VIII th nerve bundles within(More)
The selective degradation of target proteins with small molecules is a novel approach to the treatment of various diseases, including cancer. We have developed a protein knockdown system with a series of hybrid small compounds that induce the selective degradation of target proteins via the ubiquitin-proteasome pathway. In this study, we designed and(More)