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Recent progress in the development of molecular cancer therapeutics has revealed new types of antitumor drugs, such as Herceptin, Gleevec, and Iressa, as potent therapeutics for specific tumors. Our work has focused on molecular cancer therapeutics, mainly in the areas of drug resistance, apoptosis and apoptosis resistance, and survival-signaling, which is(More)
The blood-brain barrier (BBB) is a highly organized multicellular complex consisting of an endothelium, brain pericytes and astrocytes. The present study was aimed at evaluating the role of brain pericytes in the induction and maintenance of BBB functions and involvement of transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) in the functional properties of(More)
A clinically relevant model of transient global brain ischemia involving cardiac arrest followed by resuscitation in dogs was utilized to study the expression and proteolytic processing of apoptosis-regulatory proteins. In the hippocampus, an increase in pro-apoptotic Bcl-2 family proteins Bcl-XS and Bak was detected, concomitant with proteolysis of Bcl-XL(More)
The purpose of the present study was to elucidate the mechanism of enhancement of L-cystine uptake at the blood-brain barrier (BBB). The uptake of [(14)C]L-cystine and [(3)H]L-glutamic acid (L-Glu) was determined using a mouse brain endothelial cell line (MBEC4) as an in vitro BBB model. The mRNA levels of L-cystine/L-Glu exchanger, system x(c)(-), which(More)
The gene encoding mouse glial cell-derived neurotrophic factor (mGDNF gene) was transfected into brain capillary endothelial cells (BCECs) with the aim of delivering the gene product extensively into the brain parenchyma by making use of the secretory function of BCECs. First, we transfected mGDNF gene into cultured BCECs (MBEC4; mouse brain capillary(More)
The present study was designed to clarify the involvement of nitric oxide (NO) signaling in the adverse effect of cyclosporine on the blood-brain barrier. Cyclosporine increased the permeability of sodium-fluorescein and the cellular accumulation of rhodamine 123, a substrate of P-glycoprotein, in mouse brain endothelial (MBEC4) cells. This effect was(More)
 The emergence of multidrug resistance (MDR) is a major problem in cancer chemotherapy. Many compounds have been developed to reverse MDR, and some of them are undergoing clinical trials. Among them, MS-209, a novel quinoline derivative, is one of the most potent MDR-reversing agents: MS-209 at 3 μM effectively reverses MDR in various cell lines in vitro.(More)
The phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)/3-phosphoinositide-dependent protein kinase 1 (PDK1)/Akt pathway regulates various cellular functions, especially cell survival and cell cycle progression. In contrast to other survival pathways, there have been few reports of scaffold proteins that regulate signaling cascade specificity in this pathway. Here we identify(More)
Arabidopsis thaliana AtBI-1 is an orthologue of mammalian Bax inhibitor-1 capable of suppressing Bax-induced cell death in yeast as well as mammalian cells. Here we investigated whether or not AtBI-1 suppresses Bax-induced cell death using human fibrosarcoma HT1080 cells. Surprisingly, AtBI-1 did not block Bax-induced cell death, but it triggered apoptotic(More)
Manipulation of protein stability with small molecules has a great potential for both basic research and clinical therapy. Recently, we have developed a series of hybrid small molecules named SNIPER (Specific and Non-genetic IAP-dependent Protein ERaser) that induces degradation of target proteins via ubiquitin-proteasome system. Here we report the(More)